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Headword: Τιβέριος
Adler number: tau,553
Translated headword: Tiberius, Tiberius II Constantine
Vetting Status: high
Emperor of the Romans at Constantinople, whom Justin[1] appointed when he [sc. Tiberius] was a humble as well as generous man, superior to personal profit and with no regard for money -- for he considered this alone as good fortune that his subjects were prosperous and flourishing in great wealth, and he held that the common happiness of his people was a glorious and an unnassailable treasure. Since he hated the pretension of tyranny and turned rather to compassion for his people, he preferred that his subjects rule him rather than that those whom he ruled be too tyrannically enslaved -- for he wanted to be called "father" instead of "despot" by his subjects.
At first, when he was young, he was very good, but, when he grew old, he suddenly turned his sentiments for the worse so that he was even thought to be mad and driven by a supernatural being[2] to every sort of unholy behavior and even to madness and insanity, not only in natural matters but also in unnatural and in every sort of unjustice and tyranny. And, when he had thus later fallen into bad behavior, he ended his life.
Greek Original:
Τιβέριος, ἐν Κωσταντινουπόλει βασιλεὺς Ῥωμαίων: ὃν συνίστησιν Ἰουστῖνος ἄνδρα πρᾶον ὁμοῦ καὶ φιλάνθρωπον, κρείττονα λημμάτων καὶ χρημάτων ἀφρόντιδα, τοῦτο μόνον εὐδαιμονίαν ἡγούμενον, τὸ τεθηλέναι τε καὶ ἐς μέγα πλούτου κομᾶν τὸ ὑπήκοον, τὴν κοινὴν τῶν ἀνθρώπων μακαριότητα πάγκαλον καὶ ἀσύλωτον θησαυρὸν λογιζόμενον: ὃς τὸν ὄγκον τῆς τυραννίδος μισήσας καὶ πρὸς τὸ φιλόστοργον τῶν ὁμοφύλων ἀναδραμὼν εἵλετο βασιλεύειν αὐτῷ τὸ ὑπήκοον ἢ τοὺς ἰθυνομένους τυραννικώτερον ἀνδραποδίζεσθαι, πατὴρ ἐθέλων ἢ δεσπότης ὑπὸ τῶν ὑπηκόων ἀναγορεύεσθαι. ἄριστος δὲ ὑπάρχων ἐν νεότητι καὶ πρὸς γῆρας ἐλθὼν αἰφνίδιον εἰς τὴν χείρονα μετεβλήθη γνώμην, ὥστε καὶ παραφρονεῖν αὐτὸν νομισθῆναι καὶ ὑπὸ δαίμονος ἐλαύνεσθαι πρὸς πᾶσαν ἀνοσιουργίαν τε καὶ μανίαν καὶ οἰστρηλασίαν, οὐ μόνον ἐν τοῖς κατὰ φύσιν, ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐν τοῖς παρὰ φύσιν, καὶ ἐν πάσῃ ἀδικίᾳ καὶ τυραννίδι. οὕτω δὲ μεταπεσὼν εἰς κακίαν καταστρέφει τὸν βίον.
Tiberius II Constantine (578-582 AD). See R. Scott Moore's DIR entry (web address 1). The two paragraphs of the present entry come from (respectively) Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 3.16.4-5 and [John of Antioch] fr.79a FHG (4.570), not accepted as Johnian by Roberto.
[1] Justinus II (565-578 AD). See James Allan Evans' DIR entry (web address 2).
[2] Δαίμων may be a taken as specifically a "demon" in the Christian tradition, or as a "daimon" or "spirit being" in the Neo-Platonic tradition, or as a more vague "divine being" in the literary tradition which stretches back to Homer.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; chronology; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; politics; religion
Translated by: Abram Ring on 19 May 2004@11:10:32.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented primary note; cosmetics) on 20 May 2004@04:32:58.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 28 November 2005@08:40:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 13 January 2014@04:58:55.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes) on 28 November 2014@14:38:14.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 30 January 2015@04:57:37.


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