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Headword: *teu/xea
Adler number: tau,432
Translated headword: arms, armour, equipment for fighting; tackle of a ship; vessels
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] arms, [sc. military and naval] equipment.
"They find amphoras, and other pottery vessels full of salted meats."[1]
Greek Original:
*teu/xea: o(/pla, skeu/h. eu(ri/skousi de\ a)mfore/as, kai\ a)/lla teu/xh keramai=a krew=n mesta\ tetarixeume/nwn.
Likewise in the Synagoge (tau137 Cunningham) and Photius, Lexicon tau221 Theodoridis; cf. Apollonius the Sophist, Homeric Lexicon 151.10; the fuller entry at Hesychius tau706 (and alpha3527); scholia to Homer, Iliad 3.18, 114, 5.737, 10.439, etc.; Etymologicum Magnum 755.36; ps.-Zonaras 1726.
The plural of teu=xos (tau 434, and web address 1 there) is particularly common in the sense of the arms that a soldier must put on or take to prepare himself for battle, i.e. his outfit, equipment. In particular, it is the noun for the "Arms of Achilles" (including the Shield) crafted for the hero by Hephaestus in Homer's Iliad 18. It is also used for the equipment of a ship.
[1] This summarises rather than quotes Xenophon, Anabasis 5.4.28 (web address 1): a party from the Greek army sack the Metropolis of the Mossynoecians, and find, beside slices of salted dolphin meat in amphoras, dolphin blubber in other "vessels" being rendered into oil for the same uses as Greek olive oil. This usage tends to support the hypothesis that teu/xea refers to vessels used for preparing, e.g. for rendering oil, rather than to crafted (perhaps metal) objects, cf. tau 435, but see tau 375 for the contrary argument.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: clothing; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 10 May 2003@03:27:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keyword; cosmetics) on 11 May 2003@06:50:38.
Robert Dyer (better x-ref to tau 375) on 26 May 2003@13:01:26.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 9 January 2014@08:20:38.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 April 2015@00:21:07.


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