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Headword: Ta tria tôn eis thanaton
Adler number: tau,154
Translated headword: the three things of those [going] to death
Vetting Status: high
[Note] that they used to set three things beside those condemned to death: a sword, a noose, hemlock. [These were called] "the three things for death"; but some [called them] the three things by the courtyard. Those who were being led to death were allowed free speech, so that when they were sated with food and wine, they could say whatever three things they wanted; then they were gagged. That which is now called archeion ["town hall"] used to be called aule ["courtyard"], and its servants [were called] courtyard-attendants. Elsewhere: "the three things for death" -- Alexis mentions [them] in Goatherds.[1] [Note] that he who prophesies at Delphi used to receive the oracular responses in hints, and it was declared for him, if he should explain [them], one of the three punishments: for he must be deprived of his eyes, or of his hand, or of his tongue.
Greek Original:
Ta tria tôn eis thanaton: hoti tois eis thanaton katakritheisi tria paretithoun, xiphos, brochon, kôneion. ta tria ta eis ton thanaton: hoi de ta tria ta para têi aulêi. tois epi thanaton agomenois metên parrêsias, hôste trophês kai oinou plêrôtheisi tria legein, ha boulontai: meth' ho ephimounto. to de nun archeion kaloumenon aulê elegeto, kai hoi hupêretikoi aulikoi. allôs: ta tria ta eis ton thanaton: memnêtai Alexis en Aipolois. hoti ho manteuomenos en Delphois sesêmasmenous elambane tous chrêsmous, kai proeirêto autôi, ei lusei, zêmia mia tôn triôn: ê gar tôn ophthalmôn auton edei sterêthênai ê tês cheiros ê tês glôttês.
Parts of this material appear already at alpha 4437 and epsiloniota 175; and cf. Zenobius 6.11 and 3.100.
[1] Alexis fr. 8 Kock (and K.-A.).
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; ethics; food; geography; law; medicine; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 August 2013@01:04:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosnetics) on 18 August 2013@04:23:46.
David Whitehead on 7 January 2014@05:35:21.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 22 December 2014@03:39:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 16 April 2018@01:40:26.


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