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Headword: *tago/s
Adler number: tau,13
Translated headword: chief, tagos
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] leader.[1]
"O chief of the prosperous Athenians."[2] Meaning [o] commander. Homer [writes]: "let the chiefs remain near to me."[3]
And elsewhere: "but if you look upon me, the well-curled likeness of a beast, tell of the tomb of the chief Leonidas."[4]
Greek Original:
*tago/s: h(gemw/n. w)= tw=n *)aqhnai/wn tage\ tw=n eu)daimo/nwn. a)nti\ tou= a)rxhge/. *(/omhros: para\ d' oi( tagoi\ a)/mmi meno/ntwn. kai\ au)=qis: h)\n d' e)sorh=|s e)p' e)mei=o boo/struxon ei)ko/na qh/rhs, e)/nnepe tou= tagou= mnh=ma *lewni/dew.
On this noun (related to the verb ta/ssw, tau 151), see generally LSJ s.v. Besides its general application in poetry such as is quoted here, it had a specific attestation as the ancestral commander of the Thessalians.
[1] Same glossing in ps.-Zonaras; similarly in the scholia to the Aristophanes and Homer passages about to be quoted.
[2] Aristophanes, Knights 159 (though instead of the unmetrical *)aqhnai/wn, in the Suda and elsewhere, read *)aqhnw=n "Athens"). What follows here comes from the scholia there.
[3] A version (also in Herodian and the Aristophanic scholia) of Homer, Iliad 23.160. The alternative, preferred by most modern editors, has not oi( tagoi/ but oi( t' a)goi/; cf. generally under alpha 314 (end).
[4] Greek Anthology 7.243.5-6 (the last elegiac couplet in an epigram ascribed to Lollius Bassus: but read e)mei=’ eu)bo/struxon ei)ko/na qhro/s instead of the Suda's e)mei=o boo/struxon ei)ko/na qh/rhs).
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; zoology
Translated by: John Mulhall on 24 February 2012@15:46:03.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 25 February 2012@00:44:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 February 2012@04:53:05.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 26 February 2012@12:00:58.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; typo) on 27 February 2012@03:04:43.
David Whitehead on 6 January 2014@04:25:26.
Catharine Roth (typo) on 16 June 2022@01:09:43.


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