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Headword: *toi/xarxos
Adler number: tau,1140
Translated headword: boatswain
Vetting Status: high
In reference to a ship [this means] the commander of it; but a first mate [proreus] is over a toicharchos, a steersman/captain [kybernetes] over a proreus, and a ship-owner [naukleros] over a kybernetes.
Greek Original:
*toi/xarxos: e)pi\ new\s o( a)/rxwn au)th=s: toixa/rxou de\ prwreu/s, prwre/ws de\ kubernh/ths, kubernh/tou de\ nau/klhros.
cf. Artemidorus 1.35.
For toichos meaning (from Homer onwards) one side of a ship see LSJ s.v., sections 2 and 4; and cf. generally tau 174, delta 1581.
NB: all this relates not to a warship but to a merchant vessel; see Lionel Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Baltimore 1995) 314-319.
Keywords: daily life; definition; economics; epic
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 June 2004@04:19:51.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 15 November 2004@00:28:01.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 15 November 2004@03:27:44.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; more keywords) on 4 November 2010@09:43:49.
David Whitehead on 15 August 2011@08:43:16.
Catharine Roth (added a cross-reference) on 19 December 2014@00:54:27.
David Whitehead on 19 December 2014@02:54:26.


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