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Headword: Σώφρων
Adler number: sigma,893
Translated headword: Sophron
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Syracuse, son of Agathocles and Damnasyllis. He lived in the era of Xerxes and Euripides. And he wrote Mimes to do with men [and] Mimes to do with women; they are in prose,[1] in the Doric dialect. And they say that Plato the philosopher always read them, so as to be sent into an occasional doze.[2]
Greek Original:
Σώφρων, Συρακούσιος, Ἀγαθοκλέους καὶ Δαμνασυλλίδος. τοῖς δὲ χρόνοις ἦν κατὰ Ξέρξην κα Εὐριπίδην. καὶ ἔγραψε Μίμους ἀνδρείους, Μίμους γυναικείους: εἰσὶ δὲ καταλογάδην, διαλέκτῳ Δωρίδι. καί φασι Πλάτωνα τὸν φιλόσοφον ἀεὶ αὐτοῖς ἐντυγχάνειν, ὡς καὶ καθεύδειν ἐπ' αὐτῶν ἔσθ' ὅτε.
Notes:
C5 BCE; see also sigma 894, and generally K.J. Dover in OCD4 s.v. This Suda entry is S. testimonium #1 Kassel-Austin.
[1] But of a poetic kind: see Dover.
[2] For this sense of the verb ἐντυγχάνω see LSJ s.v. III. For Plato see generally pi 1707. Diogenes Laertius 3.18 presents his connection with Sophron differently: "Plato, it seems, was the first to bring to Athens the mimes of Sophron, which had been neglected, and to draw characters in the style of that writer; a copy of the mimes, they say, was actually found under his pillow" (tr. R.D. Hicks).
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; philosophy; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 18 December 2002@04:41:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, status) on 29 December 2004@00:00:39.
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; x-ref; cosmetics) on 31 December 2004@09:17:28.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 25 June 2009@07:36:04.
David Whitehead on 19 August 2011@06:01:38.
David Whitehead on 31 December 2013@05:18:50.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@11:48:03.
David Whitehead on 21 December 2014@11:28:56.

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