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Headword: *skolio/n
Adler number: sigma,643
Translated headword: skolion, scolion
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a song drunk with wine. Dicaearchus[1] in the [treatise] On Musical Contests says that there are three genres of songs: one kind sung by everyone one by one, sequentially; another sung by the most talented, as it happened, in order, which was called crooked (skolio/n) due to its order [sc. of singers].[2] But Aristoxenos and Phyllis the musician[3] [say] that in weddings they positioned many couches around a single table, and holding myrtle branches one after the other in turn they used to sing their sentiments and erotic harmonies. The round [of singing] was crooked, due to the placement of the couches.
Skolion: Tyrannion wrote a commentary on the meter of the skolion, a task assigned to him by Gaius Caesar.[4]
Greek Original:
*skolio/n: h( paroi/nios w)|dh/. w(s me\n *dikai/arxos e)n tw=| *peri\ mousikw=n a)gw/nwn, o(/ti tri/a ge/nh h)=n w)|dw=n: to\ me\n u(po\ pa/ntwn a)|do/menon kaq' e(/na e(ch=s: to\ d' u(po\ tw=n sunetwta/twn, w(s e)/tuxe, th=| ta/cei: o(\ dh\ kalei=sqai dia\ th\n ta/cin skolio/n. w(s d' *)aristo/cenos kai\ *fu/llis o( mousiko/s, o(/ti e)n toi=s ga/mois peri\ mi/an tra/pezan polla\s kli/nas tiqe/ntes, para\ me/ros e(ch=s murri/nas e)/xontes h)=|don gnw/mas kai\ e)rwtika\ su/ntona. h( de\ peri/odos skolia\ e)gi/neto, dia\ th\n qe/sin tw=n klinw=n. *skolio/n: u(po/mnhma e)/grayen *turanni/wn peri\ tou= skoliou= me/trou, o(\ proeta/qh au)tw=| u(po\ *gai/+ou *kai/saros.
See also sigma 642, sigma 644, sigma 645.
[1] Dicaearchus 89 Mirhady.
[2] Having announced three genres, only two now seem to be defined. Comparison with Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 15.694A-B [15.49 Kaibel], suggests the need to posit a lacuna after 'everyone', to make a distinction between a unison and a sequential mode. Wehrli supplemented the Greek text, adding to\ de/ before kaq' e(/na; this would yield the translation, "one was sung by all, another (was sung) by each individually one after another, and the last ...".
[3] The name of the latter, cross-referenced at phi 836, is actually Phillis (of Delos), C4 BCE.
[4] See generally tau 1184.
Keywords: biography; botany; chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; gender and sexuality; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 31 October 2002@21:11:20.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 November 2002@04:07:39.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 April 2008@07:38:08.
David Whitehead (another tweak) on 2 April 2008@07:46:09.
David Mirhady on 2 September 2008@19:44:37.
David Whitehead (tidying up) on 3 September 2008@03:10:17.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 27 August 2010@08:26:21.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2013@09:34:38.
David Whitehead (corrected/expanded a ref) on 15 January 2015@10:30:34.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 March 2022@23:16:08.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 5 March 2022@23:17:22.


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