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Headword: Saloustios
Adler number: sigma,63
Translated headword: Saloustios, Sallustius
Vetting Status: high
Philosopher; [the one] who said that it is not easy for men to philosophize, but rather impossible. When I heard this saying I loathed it at the time, thinking that it was not truly said and not worthy to be said. But Sallustius knew how to state the inner truth. For he did not complain about the philosophers simply, but he was by nature evil-hating and, as the Heraclitan term has it, 'mob-reviling' and opposed to all who erred.[1] In whatever way he could, from any excuse, he criticized and ridiculed each man, sometimes seriously, but for the most part enjoying his humorous and jesting character. Sallustius was moderately witty and naturally inclined and eager to make jokes; he had this tendency in a high degree himself, but also had it from his family background. Sallustius is also the man who called the true belief about the gods the fifth virtue, although it seems sometimes to be in the most wicked men. Besides, when some of the foreigners were praising his other qualities, but saying that he was lacking one thing, that he did not hold the same beliefs about the gods as the majority,[2] he said, "Allow me to keep this to ward off my nemesis." Meeting Pamprepios when he was at the height of his powers, when he asked ostentatiously, "What do the gods have to do with men?" [Sallustius] said, "Who does not know that I have never yet become a god nor you a man?"[3] So much about Sallustius. His philosophy was rather in the Cynic style.[4]
[Note] that Sallustius, the commander of the palace under Julian, was a man exceptional for love of mankind; he had so much mildness and gentleness towards everyone that even that Marcellus, who when he [i.e. Julian] was Caesar treated him insolently, and was very fearful because of his earlier actions--although when his son was proved to have rebelled because of his friendship for Constantius, he imposed punishment on the young man, but paid exceptional honor to Marcellus.[5][6]
Greek Original:
Saloustios, philosophos: hos ephê anthrôpois ou rhaidion einai philosophein, alla kai adunaton. touton akousas apestuxa dê tote ton logon, hôs oute alêthê legomenon oute legesthai axion. alla gar ho Saloustios êidei to enon eipein. ou gar diebeblêto pros tous philosophous haplôs, alla phusei misoponêros ên kai kata ton Hêrakleiton ochloloidoros kai pasin epitithemenos tois hamartanousi, kai hopôsoun ek pasês prophaseôs elenchôn hekastous kai diakômôidôn: eniote men spoudazôn, ta de polla tôi geloiôi chairôn êthei kai philoskômmoni. kai gar ên ho Saloustios eutrapelos hikanôs kai skôptein euphuestatos te kai procheirotatos, exairetous men echôn autos, ek genous de homôs tas toiautas charitas. ho gar toi pemptên aretên onomasas tên peri theôn doxan alêthê, dokousan eneinai pote tois ponêrotatois, Saloustios estin. eti de pros enious tôn allophulôn, ta men alla autou epainountas, hen de autôi leipein eirêkotas, to mê doxazein peri theôn ta auta tois pollois: eate, ephê, touto ge dia tên nemesin proseinai moi. tôi de Pamprepiôi megiston êdê dunamenôi entuchôn, epeidê ekeinos hôraïzomenos, ti theoi pros anthrôpous, ephê: tis de, ephê, ouk oiden, hôs out' egô pôpote theos egenomên oute su anthrôpos. tauta peri Saloustiou. kunikôteron de ephilosophei. hoti Saloustios, ho tês aulês eparchos epi Ioulianou, anêr ên diapherontôs perittos eis philanthrôpian: hôi ge tosouton hêmerotêtos kai praotêtos hupêrchen es hapantas, hôste kai ton Markellon ekeinon, ton hênika ên Kaisar hubristikôs autôi chrêsamenon, panu peridea onta dia ta progegenêmena: kaitoi tou paidos elenchthentos epanistasthai dia tên pros Kônstantion philian, tôi neaniskôi tên dikên epethêke, ton de Markellon kai diapherontôs etimêse.
For this man see already sigma 62.
[1] On Heraclitus see generally eta 472. This particular adjective, however, was applied to him, by Timon: see Diogenes Laertius 9.6.
[2] These "foreigners" were probably Christians.
[3] On Pamprepios, see pi 137.
[4] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 88 Asmus, 66A Athanassiadi, 147 Zintzen.
[5] A different Sallustius: Eunapius fr. 17 FHG (4.21), Blockley, Eunapius fr.25.[5]; cf. pi 1326.
[6] Blockley, Vol. II, p. 134, n. 50, asserts that this passage describes the actions of Julian rather than Sallustius (properly Salutius).
Banchich, T.M. "Eunapius, Eustathius, and the Suda." AJP 109 (1988) 223-225
Blockley, R.C. The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus. Vol. II. Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; historiography; history; philosophy; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 December 2005@14:50:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref and more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 March 2006@02:01:05.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaking) on 19 December 2013@09:36:41.
Aaron Baker (In translation, corrected "Constantine" to "Constantius; modified translation in other details; added Blockley citation for Eunapius; and added Blockley to bibliography.) on 16 September 2014@02:07:16.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 17 September 2014@00:45:38.
Aaron Baker (Added n. 6.) on 21 September 2014@16:35:47.
Aaron Baker (Added bracket to Blockley citation (bracket used by Blockley to indicate possibly by Eunapius).) on 28 September 2014@18:03:55.
Catharine Roth (added bibliography) on 27 January 2016@22:56:33.


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