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Headword: Σαλούστιος
Adler number: sigma,62
Translated headword: Saloustios, Sallustius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Damascius says [this].[1] This man came to Alexandria from Athens with Isidoros the philosopher.[2] Sallustius' manner was paradoxical to everyone -- in philosophizing, he was too weighty, and in joking, he was too ridiculous. In each, I think, he went beyond the mean; and judgment is necessary in this way of life more than any other. On his father's side, Sallustius originated from Syria, but on his mother's side he had been an Emesene. His father was named Basilides, and his mother was Theokleia. He was naturally able in many respects, and his character was austere and ambitious. At first he looked towards the accursed field of law and was educated in rhetoric by Eunoios the sophist, who was then at Emesa. But later he directed his mind no longer to the legal field but to the sophistic life and diligently practiced speeches for this, being not less amazing in his effort than in his natural ability: for he memorized all the public speeches of Demosthenes. But in addition to this he was an adequate [extemporaneous] speaker, not imitating the more recent sophists, but associating with the ancient patina of speech-writing.[3] And indeed he wrote speeches, not falling much short of those. He recounted that my fellow-citizen Marcellus, the companion of Eunoios, had memorized the 8 books of Thucydides' history, yet did not say anything worth hearing. And he said that Nonnos had memorized all of Demosthenes six times,[4] yet was not able to open his mouth for the composition of reasonable speeches. For it is not the same thing to repeat by heart for the crowd and to write for beauty. But Sallustius having already progressed more grandly in the art, thinking that Eunoios was less than he needed, departed to Alexandria and made trial of the rhetorical schools.[5]
Greek Original:
Σαλούστιος: Δαμάσκιός φησι. οὗτος εἰς Ἀλεξάνδρειαν ἧκεν Ἀθήνηθεν σὺν Ἰσιδώρῳ τῷ φιλοσόφῳ. παράδοξος δὲ ὁ τρόπος Σαλουστίου πᾶσιν ἀνθρώποις, τὰ μὲν φιλοσοφοῦντος ἐπὶ τὸ καρτερώτερον, τὰ δὲ παίζοντος ἐπὶ τὸ γελοιότερον: ἑκάτερον, οἶμαι, πέρα τοῦ μετρίου. καὶ δεῖ κρίσεως, εἴπερ τινι ἄλλῳ, καὶ τῷδε τῷ βίῳ. καὶ δὴ Σαλούστιος τὰ μὲν πατρόθεν ὥρμητο ἀπὸ Συρίας, τὰ δὲ πρὸς μητρὸς Ἐμισηνὸς ἐγεγόνει. ὁ πατὴρ δὲ αὐτῷ Βασιλίδης ὠνομάζετο, Θεόκλεια δὲ ἡ μήτηρ. εὐφυὴς δὲ ἐπὶ πολλὰ γεγονὼς καὶ τὸ ἦθος αὐστηρὸς καὶ φιλότιμος τὰ μὲν πρῶτα ἀπέβλεπεν εἰς τὴν πολυάρατον δικανικὴν καὶ ἐπαιδεύετο λόγοις ῥητορικοῖς ὑπὸ Εὐνοί̈ῳ σοφιστῇ, τότε ὄντι κατὰ Ἔμισαν: ὕστερον δὲ οὐκέτι τῷ δικανικῷ, ἀλλ' ἤδη τῷ σοφιστικῷ βίῳ προσεῖχε τὸν νοῦν καὶ ἐπὶ τούτῳ διεμελέτα τοὺς λόγους, οὐδὲν ἧττον τῆς φύσεως ἐπὶ τοῖς πόνοις θαυμαζόμενος: τοὺς μὲν γὰρ δημοσίους τοῦ Δημοσθένους λόγους ὁμοῦ πάντας ἐξέμαθεν. ἀλλὰ πρὸς τούτῳ καὶ λέγειν ἦν ἱκανός, οὐ τοὺς νεωτέρους ἐκμιμούμενος σοφιστάς, ἀλλὰ πρὸς τὸν ἀρχαῖον πίνον τῆς λογογραφίας ἁμιλλώμενος. ἀμέλει καὶ ἔγραψε λόγους, οὐ πολύ τι ἐκείνων ἐκλειπομένους. τὸν δὲ ἡμέτερον πολίτην Μάρκελλον, ἑταῖρον τοῦ Εὐνοί̈ου, καὶ τοῦτον ἐκμαθόντα μὲν ἀπεμνημόνευε τὰ η# βιβλία τῆς Θουκυδίδου ἱστορίας, οὐ μήν τι καὶ λέγοντα ἄξιον ἀκοῆς: καὶ Νόννον δέ φασιν ἐκμαθόντα ἑξάκις ὅλον τὸν Δημοσθένην, μηδὲ διᾶραι τὸ στόμα δύνασθαι πρός γε λόγων ἐπιεικῶν σύνθεσιν: οὐ γάρ ἐστι ταὐτὸν ἐς πλῆθος ἀποστηθίζειν καὶ γράφειν ἐς κάλλος. ὁ δὲ Σαλούστιος ἁδρότερον ἤδη ἁπτόμενος τῆς τέχνης, ἐλάττω ἢ καθ' ἑαυτὸν ὑπολαβὼν τὸν Εὐνόϊον, ἀπῆρεν εἰς Ἀλεξάνδρειαν καὶ ἀπεπειρᾶτο τῶν ῥητορικῶν διδασκαλιῶν.
Notes:
[1] A marginal addition, Adler reports, in ms M.
[2] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 92 Asmus (part of 138 Zintzen). More about this Sallustius at sigma 63.
[3] cf. pi 1621 (with notes).
[4] A telescoped phrase which presumably means memorized and declaimed six times.
[5] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 138 Zintzen (250 Asmus, 60 Athanassiadi); cf. Photius, Bibliotheca 350b 21-27.
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; law; philosophy; rhetoric; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 December 2005@00:21:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 14 December 2005@03:36:59.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 14 December 2005@13:45:44.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 14 December 2005@15:39:10.
David Whitehead (another note) on 3 May 2011@09:17:55.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; tweaking) on 19 December 2013@09:24:18.
Catharine Roth (tweaked reference) on 18 September 2014@01:04:20.

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