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Headword: Σκηπίων
Adler number: sigma,577
Translated headword: Scipio
Vetting Status: high
"Scipio the Romans' general[1] tried to make treaties with Hannibal the Carthaginians' general.[2] When they met it was possible to see Scipio both impressive in body and haughty and naturally more charming than formidable; but Hannibal had a striking beauty mixed with a terrible and intense facial expression. As they did not agree in what was said;[3] but they were commanded swiftly to fall upon the Romans."[4]
"Certain men of the Carthaginians, who had been sent by Hannibal to spy on their opponents, fall upon the Romans; though they were angry with him, Publius did them no harm but ordered them to inspect the camp and after taking dinner to depart in safety, in order to report to Hannibal how matters stood for the Romans concerning the army."[5]
Greek Original:
Σκηπίων. ὅτι Σκηπίων ὁ Ῥωμαίων στρατηγὸς πρὸς Ἀννίβαν τὸν Καρχηδονίων στρατηγὸν ἐποιεῖτο συμβάσεις. ἦν δὲ δὴ συνελθόντων ἰδεῖν τὸν μὲν Σκηπίωνα ἐκπρεπῆ τε τὸ σῶμα καὶ ὑψηλόφρονα καὶ πρὸς τὸ χαρίεν μᾶλλον ἢ φοβερὸν πεφυκότα: Ἀννίβᾳ δὲ κάλλος καταπληκτικὸν ἦν τῷ δεινῷ τε καὶ συνεστραμμένῳ τοῦ προσώπου μεμιγμένον. οὐ συμβαινόντων δὲ ἐπὶ τοῖς εἰρημένοις: ἀλλὰ τάχος συμπίπτειν τοῖς Ῥωμαίοις διεκελεύοντο. ὅτι ἄνδρες τινὲς Καρχηδονίων ἐπὶ κατασκοπῇ τῶν ἐναντίων σταλέντες ὑπὸ Ἀννίβου τοῖς Ῥωμαίοις περιπίπτουσιν: οὓς ἀχθέντας ὡς αὐτὸν ὁ Πόπλιος κακὸν μὲν οὐδὲν εἰργάσατο, περινοστῆσαι δὲ κελεύει τὸ στρατόπεδον καὶ δεῖπνον ἑλομένους ἀποχωρεῖν σῴους, ἀπαγγελοῦντας Ἀννίβᾳ τὰ περὶ τὴν στρατιὰν ὡς ἔχοι Ῥωμαίοις.
[1] Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus, 235-183 BCE. The name Scipio is spelled with iota at sigma 616, but the alphabetical order guarantees the eta here; cf. anyway under gamma 122, kappa 445, chi 505.
[2] alpha 2452.
[3] Bernhardy indicated a lacuna at this point.
[4] The authorship of this passage is disputed. Valckenaer attributed it to Polybius, but Gaisford disagreed, pointing out that Polybius 15.5 already has the episode. Bernhardy assigned it to Cassius Dio. Now Favuzzi [see under alpha 1596] 203-205 finds vocabulary-based grounds for giving it to John of Antioch.
[5] John of Antioch fr.128 Roberto; already at alpha 2452.
Keywords: biography; ethics; food; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 January 2011@01:39:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 January 2011@03:15:45.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 12 January 2011@23:18:42.
David Whitehead (expanded n.4) on 4 June 2013@04:41:55.
David Whitehead (tweaked notes) on 22 August 2013@07:33:17.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2013@08:15:36.
David Whitehead on 30 January 2015@04:25:27.


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