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Headword: *sh=mos
Adler number: sigma,327
Translated headword: Semos, Semus
Vetting Status: high
Of Elis,[1] a scholar. He wrote Delian Histories in 8 books, Travels in 2, On Paros in 1, On Pergamon in 1, On paeans.
In this [sc. last][2] he made mention of certain types of musician: Autokab[d]aloi ["Improvisers"], Ithyphalloi ["Erect-phalloi"], Phallophoroi ["Phallos-bearers"].[3] The first of these, he says, used to wear a crown of ivy - they were subsequently named Iamboi; the Ithyphalloi had masks of drunkards and coloured gloves and a tunic reaching down to the ankles. The Phallophoroi likewise covered their faces [with bonnets made] from tufted thyme and holly, and were crowned with ivy and violets.
Greek Original:
*sh=mos, *)hlei=os, grammatiko/s. e)/graye *dhliakw=n bibli/a h#, *perio/dous b#, *peri\ *pa/rou a#, *peri\ *perga/mou a#, *peri\ paia/nwn. e)n tou/tw| de\ mnhmoneu/ei mousikw=n tinw=n i)dew=n tou/twn: *au)tokaba/lwn, *)iqufa/llwn, *fallofo/rwn. kai\ oi( me/n, fhsi/, kittou= ste/fanon e)fo/roun: w)noma/sqhsan de\ u(/steron *)/iamboi: oi( de\ *)iqu/falloi proswpei=a mequo/ntwn ei)=xon kai\ xeiri/das a)nqina\s kai\ xitw=na me/xri tw=n sfurw=n. oi( de\ *fallofo/roi ou) xwri\s e)c e(rpu/llou kai\ paide/rwtos e)/skepon ta\s o)/yeis, kittw=| kai\ i)/ois stefanou/menoi.
Fl. c.200 BCE. See generally OCD4 Semos; FGrH 396.
[1] Such is the ethnikon transmitted here; it should actually be "of Delos" (as in pi 2207).
[2] For paeans see generally pi 836, pi 837, pi 838.
[3] This material derives from Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 14.622A-B [14.16 Kaibel]; cf. phi 58 (where what the last group wear is rather different). See also iota 250, iota 251.
Keywords: biography; botany; clothing; food; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; meter and music; poetry; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 November 2001@09:47:59.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added cross-references, set status) on 13 December 2004@00:41:55.
David Whitehead (x-refs; cosmetics) on 13 December 2004@03:08:33.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 13 December 2004@12:08:25.
David Whitehead on 17 August 2011@08:24:11.
David Whitehead on 23 December 2013@09:21:28.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@10:27:55.
David Whitehead on 15 January 2015@10:32:46.


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