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Headword: Σήθ
Adler number: sigma,295
Translated headword: Seth
Vetting Status: high
The son of Adam. Concerning him it is said: "And the sons of God went in to the daughters of mankind" (that is, the daughters of Cain).[1] For the men of that time called Seth a god because he had invented the Hebrew letters and the names of the stars.[2] Besides, they admired his great piety. He was the first to be surnamed and called a god, just as the Lord also says to Moses: "I have given you as a god to Pharaoh."[3] And concerning the virtuous and spiritual men and the judges he said: "You shall not revile the gods, and you shall not speak evil of the leader of your people."[4] With reason therefore the children of Seth and Enos and Enoch were considered sons of God or sons of the gods according to Symmachus. Overcome by licentiousness they went in to the daughters of Cain. From these unlawful unions the giants were born. Because of the just [ancestor] they were strong and tall, but because of the unjust and impure [ancestor] they were wicked and extremely evil.[5]
Greek Original:
Σήθ: υἱὸς Ἀδάμ. περὶ τούτου εἴρηται: καὶ εἰσῆλθον οἱ υἱοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ πρὸς τὰς θυγατέρας τῶν ἀνθρώπων. ἤτοι τὰς ἀπὸ τοῦ Κάϊν. θεὸν γὰρ τὸν Σὴθ οἱ τότε ἄνθρωποι προσηγόρευον διὰ τὸ ἐξευρηκέναι τά τε Ἑβραϊκὰ γράμματα τάς τε τῶν ἀστέρων ὀνομασίας: καὶ πρὸς τούτοις τὴν πολλὴν εὐσέβειαν αὐτοῦ θαυμάσαντες. ὅς γε καὶ πρῶτος ἐπικαλεῖσθαι θεὸς καὶ ὀνομάζεσθαι. καθὰ καὶ τῷ Μωϋσεῖ λέγει κύριος: θεὸν δέδωκά σε τῷ Φαραῴ. καὶ περὶ τῶν ἐναρέτων καὶ πνευματικῶν καὶ τῶν κριτῶν ἔφη: θεοὺς οὐ κακολογήσεις καὶ ἄρχοντα τοῦ λαοῦ σου οὐκ ἐρεῖς κακῶς. εἰκότως οὖν οἱ τοῦ Σὴθ καὶ Ἐνὼς καὶ Ἐνὼχ παῖδες υἱοὶ θεοῦ ἢ υἱοὶ τῶν θεῶν κατὰ Σύμμαχον νοείσθωσαν, οἵτινες ἁλόντες ἀκολασίᾳ πρὸς τὰς θυγατέρας Κάϊν εἰσῆλθον, ἐξ ὧν οἱ τῆς καταλλήλου μιαιγαμίας γίνονται γίγαντες, διὰ μὲν τὸν δίκαιον ἰσχυροὶ καὶ μέγιστοι, διὰ δὲ τὸν ἄδικον καὶ βέβηλον πονηροὶ καὶ κάκιστοι.
[1] Genesis 6.2ff.
[2] On the invention of the Hebrew alphabet, see also alpha 69.
[3] Exodus 7:1.
[4] Exodus 22:27.
[5] George the Monk, Chronicon 43.14, 44.2-16; cf. mu 1037.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; Christianity; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; mythology; religion; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 19 February 2002@15:06:22.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 1 September 2002@06:25:01.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, borrowing from RDyer at mu 1037) on 31 January 2005@14:57:07.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 4 May 2011@05:02:33.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 23 December 2013@07:39:41.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 December 2013@21:14:03.


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