Suda On Line menu Search

Home
Search results for sigma,1408 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Συμφορά
Adler number: sigma,1408
Translated headword: chance occurrence, fortune (good or bad), mishap
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
It is [one] of the intermediates.[1] For this reason Simonides says, "Drink, drink at our fortune." Some say, Drink, drink at [our] good things.[2] But 'fortune' indicates both the good and the bad. Hence [Aristophanes in a later passage] says "at our good fortunes." And in saying this he did not let people think of evil.[3]
And Sophocles says: "judging first in the chance circumstances of life," meaning in the coincidences of life.[4]
And elsewhere: "o the wretched fortunes of my life! Alas alas for my agonizing wounds."[5]
Greek Original:
Συμφορά: τῶν μέσων ἐστί. διὸ λέγει Σιμωνίδης: πῖνε, πῖν' ἐπὶ συμφορᾷ. οἱ δὲ λέγουσι, πῖνε, πῖν' ἐπ' ἐσθλοῖς. δηλοῖ δὲ ἡ συμφορὰ καὶ τὸ καλὸν καὶ τὸ κακόν. διὸ λέγει, ἐπὶ συμφοραῖσιν ἀγαθαῖς. καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν οὐκ εἴασεν ἐπὶ τοῦ κακοῦ νοεῖσθαι. Σοφοκλῆς δέ φησιν: ἔν τε συμφοραῖς βίου πρῶτον κρίνοντες. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐν ταῖς βιωτικαῖς συντυχίαις. καὶ αὖθις: ὦ συμφορὰ τάλαινα τῶν ἐμῶν κακῶν. ἰὼ ἰὼ τραυμάτων ἐπωδύνων.
Notes:
For the headword see already sigma 1407, and again sigma 1409. The present entry is in three parts (the first subdivided), indicated in notes 2-5 below.
[1] i.e. words implying neither good nor evil.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 405-406, where the phrase "drink, drink at [our] fortunes (sic: plural)" is quoted. This is a fragment (7.1 Page PMG) from Simonides' Odes on Four-horse chariots.
[3] Aristophanes, Knights 655, with scholion.
[4] Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 33-4 (but here slightly misquoted, as the word πρωτον should come first), with scholion.
[5] Lamachus in Aristophanes, Acharnians 1204-5 (cf. iota 454).
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; food; medicine; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 17 May 2000@07:13:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@10:16:31.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 12 September 2002@10:25:38.
David Whitehead (rearranged and expanded notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 January 2014@09:10:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 27 May 2016@03:46:01.

Find      

Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search