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Headword: Sumphora
Adler number: sigma,1408
Translated headword: chance occurrence, fortune (good or bad), mishap
Vetting Status: high
It is [one] of the intermediates.[1] For this reason Simonides says, "Drink, drink at our fortune." Some say, Drink, drink at [our] good things.[2] But 'fortune' indicates both the good and the bad. Hence [Aristophanes in a later passage] says "at our good fortunes." And in saying this he did not let people think of evil.[3]
And Sophocles says: "judging first in the chance circumstances of life," meaning in the coincidences of life.[4]
And elsewhere: "o the wretched fortunes of my life! Alas alas for my agonizing wounds."[5]
Greek Original:
Sumphora: tôn mesôn esti. dio legei Simônidês: pine, pin' epi sumphorai. hoi de legousi, pine, pin' ep' esthlois. dêloi de hê sumphora kai to kalon kai to kakon. dio legei, epi sumphoraisin agathais. kai touto eipôn ouk eiasen epi tou kakou noeisthai. Sophoklês de phêsin: en te sumphorais biou prôton krinontes. anti tou en tais biôtikais suntuchiais. kai authis: ô sumphora talaina tôn emôn kakôn. iô iô traumatôn epôdunôn.
For the headword see already sigma 1407, and again sigma 1409. The present entry is in three parts (the first subdivided), indicated in notes 2-5 below.
[1] i.e. words implying neither good nor evil.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 405-406, where the phrase "drink, drink at [our] fortunes (sic: plural)" is quoted. This is a fragment (7.1 Page PMG) from Simonides' Odes on Four-horse chariots.
[3] Aristophanes, Knights 655, with scholion.
[4] Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 33-4 (but here slightly misquoted, as the word prwton should come first), with scholion.
[5] Lamachus in Aristophanes, Acharnians 1204-5 (cf. iota 454).
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; food; medicine; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 17 May 2000@07:13:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@10:16:31.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 12 September 2002@10:25:38.
David Whitehead (rearranged and expanded notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 January 2014@09:10:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 27 May 2016@03:46:01.


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