Suda On Line menu Search

Search results for sigma,1408 in Adler number:
Greek display:    

Headword: Συμφορά
Adler number: sigma,1408
Translated headword: chance occurrence, fortune (good or bad), mishap
Vetting Status: high
It is [one] of the intermediates.[1] For this reason Simonides says, "Drink, drink at our fortune." Some say, Drink, drink at [our] good things.[2] But 'fortune' indicates both the good and the bad. Hence [Aristophanes in a later passage] says "at our good fortunes." And in saying this he did not let people think of evil.[3]
And Sophocles says: "judging first in the chance circumstances of life," meaning in the coincidences of life.[4]
And elsewhere: "o the wretched fortunes of my life! Alas alas for my agonizing wounds."[5]
Greek Original:
Συμφορά: τῶν μέσων ἐστί. διὸ λέγει Σιμωνίδης: πῖνε, πῖν' ἐπὶ συμφορᾷ. οἱ δὲ λέγουσι, πῖνε, πῖν' ἐπ' ἐσθλοῖς. δηλοῖ δὲ ἡ συμφορὰ καὶ τὸ καλὸν καὶ τὸ κακόν. διὸ λέγει, ἐπὶ συμφοραῖσιν ἀγαθαῖς. καὶ τοῦτο εἰπὼν οὐκ εἴασεν ἐπὶ τοῦ κακοῦ νοεῖσθαι. Σοφοκλῆς δέ φησιν: ἔν τε συμφοραῖς βίου πρῶτον κρίνοντες. ἀντὶ τοῦ ἐν ταῖς βιωτικαῖς συντυχίαις. καὶ αὖθις: ὦ συμφορὰ τάλαινα τῶν ἐμῶν κακῶν. ἰὼ ἰὼ τραυμάτων ἐπωδύνων.
For the headword see already sigma 1407, and again sigma 1409. The present entry is in three parts (the first subdivided), indicated in notes 2-5 below.
[1] i.e. words implying neither good nor evil.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 405-406, where the phrase "drink, drink at [our] fortunes (sic: plural)" is quoted. This is a fragment (7.1 Page PMG) from Simonides' Odes on Four-horse chariots.
[3] Aristophanes, Knights 655, with scholion.
[4] Sophocles, Oedipus Tyrannus 33-4 (but here slightly misquoted, as the word πρωτον should come first), with scholion.
[5] Lamachus in Aristophanes, Acharnians 1204-5 (cf. iota 454).
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; food; medicine; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 17 May 2000@07:13:40.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@10:16:31.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 12 September 2002@10:25:38.
David Whitehead (rearranged and expanded notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 2 January 2014@09:10:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 27 May 2016@03:46:01.


Test Database Real Database

(Try these tips for more productive searches.)

No. of records found: 1    Page 1

End of search