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Headword: *su=kon
Adler number: sigma,1328
Translated headword: fig
Vetting Status: high
[A su=kon is] a kind of stu/kon[1] that which stands and does not fall, like the wild fig [o)/lunqos]. [It is called] o)/lunqos from o(/los ["whole"] a)nqei=n ["blossoming"], that is being the same from the first flowering.[2]
[Note] that the fig is an antidote and [it] alone;[3] also dried figs roasted with rue and given on an empty stomach, likewise with pennyroyal.
Also, "a fig that is black when eaten."[4]
Interpretation of a dream: "Eating figs shows noises of nonsenses."[5]
Greek Original:
*su=kon: stu/kon ti/ o)/n, to\ e(sthko\s kai\ mh\ r(ipto/menon, w(s o( o)/lunqos. o)/lunqos de\ para\ to\ o(/los a)nqei=n, h)/goun e)k prw/ths a)nqh/sews to\ au)to\ e)/xein. o(/ti to\ su=kon a)lecifa/rmako/n e)sti, kai\ mo/non: kai\ i)sxa/des su\n phga/nw| o)ptw/menai kai\ nh/stais dido/menai, o(moi/ws glh/xwni. kai/, su=ko/n te melantrage/s. lu/sis o)nei/rou: brw=sis su/kwn dei/knusi flhna/fwn yo/fous.
[1] The word occurs only here; it seems to be a hypothetical form invented for the sake of etymology.
[2] cf. omicron 223.
[3] cf. [Julian] Epistle 180 (p.230.12-13 Bidez/Cumont).
[4] Greek Anthology 6.299.3 (Phanias), a dedication of food and wine to Hermes and Aphrodite; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 163); (vol. II, 471-472); and further excerpts at delta 1548, theta 429, and iota 552.
[5] From the dream-interpretations, in verse, attributed to Astrampsychus (alpha 4251). Adler prints 'noises' (yo/fous) from mss AM; alternatives are yo/gous and lo/gous.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge 1965)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge 1965)
Keywords: agriculture; botany; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; food; medicine; meter and music; poetry; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 26 December 2005@17:37:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 29 December 2005@03:11:18.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2014@06:06:50.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 3 April 2014@13:44:33.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; expanded n.5) on 10 June 2014@07:43:33.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 8 January 2021@00:57:58.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.4, added bibliography, added cross-references, added keyword) on 12 February 2022@11:04:25.


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