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Headword: Στοιχεῖον
Adler number: sigma,1238
Translated headword: element
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
An element is that primary out of which the generated things are generated, and that in which they are ultimately resolved.[1] Indeed, the [sc. four] elements are together the unqualified substance, the matter. Fire is hot, water moist, air cold, earth dry. However, there is still the same part in the air; so fire, which indeed is called “ether” and where the first sphere of fixed [stars] is produced, is the highest. Then, [it is] the [sphere] of the planets, after which [comes] air; then water. But as foundation of all things [there is] earth, being in the middle of all of them.
Greek Original:
Στοιχεῖον: στοιχεῖόν ἐστιν, ἐξ οὗ πρώτου γίνεται τὰ γινόμενα, καὶ εἰς ὃ ἔσχατον ἀναλύεται. τὰ δὴ δ# στοιχεῖα εἶναι ὁμοῦ τὴν ἄποιον οὐσίαν, τὴν ὕλην. εἶναι δὲ τὸ μὲν πῦρ θερμόν, τὸ δὲ ὕδωρ ὑγρόν, τὸν ἀέρα ψυχρόν, τὴν γῆν ξηράν: οὐ μὴν ἀλλὰ καὶ ἔτι ἐν τῷ ἀέρι εἶναι τὸ αὐτὸ μέρος. ἀνωτάτω μὲν οὖν εἶναι τὸ πῦρ, ὃ δὴ αἰθέρα καλεῖσθαι, ἐν ᾧ πρώτην τὴν τῶν ἀπλανῶν σφαῖραν γεννᾶσθαι: εἶτα τὴν τῶν πλανωμένων: μεθ' ἣν τὸν ἀέρα: εἶτα τὸ ὕδωρ. ὑποστάθμην δὲ πάντων τὴν γῆν, μέσην ἁπάντων οὖσαν.
Notes:
For this headword see already sigma 1236, sigma 1237. The present entry is taken (with some minor variations) from Diogenes Laertius 7.136-7, where a Stoic doxography on elements is quoted.
[1] See Aristotle, Metaphysics 1014a27 ff.
Keywords: definition; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 8 January 2004@08:11:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; cosmetics) on 8 January 2004@08:22:35.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2014@03:54:55.

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