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Headword: Στοιχεῖον
Adler number: sigma,1238
Translated headword: element
Vetting Status: high
An element is that primary out of which the generated things are generated, and that in which they are ultimately resolved.[1] Indeed, the [sc. four] elements are together the unqualified substance, the matter. Fire is hot, water moist, air cold, earth dry. However, there is still the same part in the air; so fire, which indeed is called “ether” and where the first sphere of fixed [stars] is produced, is the highest. Then, [it is] the [sphere] of the planets, after which [comes] air; then water. But as foundation of all things [there is] earth, being in the middle of all of them.
Greek Original:
Στοιχεῖον: στοιχεῖόν ἐστιν, ἐξ οὗ πρώτου γίνεται τὰ γινόμενα, καὶ εἰς ὃ ἔσχατον ἀναλύεται. τὰ δὴ δ# στοιχεῖα εἶναι ὁμοῦ τὴν ἄποιον οὐσίαν, τὴν ὕλην. εἶναι δὲ τὸ μὲν πῦρ θερμόν, τὸ δὲ ὕδωρ ὑγρόν, τὸν ἀέρα ψυχρόν, τὴν γῆν ξηράν: οὐ μὴν ἀλλὰ καὶ ἔτι ἐν τῷ ἀέρι εἶναι τὸ αὐτὸ μέρος. ἀνωτάτω μὲν οὖν εἶναι τὸ πῦρ, ὃ δὴ αἰθέρα καλεῖσθαι, ἐν ᾧ πρώτην τὴν τῶν ἀπλανῶν σφαῖραν γεννᾶσθαι: εἶτα τὴν τῶν πλανωμένων: μεθ' ἣν τὸν ἀέρα: εἶτα τὸ ὕδωρ. ὑποστάθμην δὲ πάντων τὴν γῆν, μέσην ἁπάντων οὖσαν.
For this headword see already sigma 1236, sigma 1237. The present entry is taken (with some minor variations) from Diogenes Laertius 7.136-7, where a Stoic doxography on elements is quoted.
[1] See Aristotle, Metaphysics 1014a27 ff.
Keywords: definition; philosophy; science and technology
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 8 January 2004@08:11:49.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; cosmetics) on 8 January 2004@08:22:35.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2014@03:54:55.


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