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Headword: *pe/las
Adler number: pi,933
Translated headword: nearby
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning someone] close by, a neighbor.[1]
"Except the Romans always exercised foresight never to lay hands first on those nearby nor to appear to strike the first blow."[2]
Greek Original:
*pe/las: plhsi/on, gei/twn. plh\n pro/noian a)ei\ e)poi/oun *(rwmai=oi mh/ pote pro/teroi ta\s xei=ras e)piba/llein toi=s pe/las mh/d' a)/rxontes fai/nesqai xeirw=n a)di/kwn.
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica (references at Photius pi542 Theodoridis), and cf. scholion on Homer, Odyssey 10.516.
[2] Polybius fr. 99 Büttner-Wobst; cf. alpha 1678, alpha 2202, epsilon 941. Büttner-Wobst notes (528) that Ursinus (Fulvio Orsini, 1529-1600) attributed this fragment to Polybius. For the idiom 'to strike the first blow' (literally: to begin from unjust hands) see generally LSJ s.v. xei/r, IV. A plausible context for this fragment is Polybius 36.2 (web address 1), as Walbank notes (751).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford 1979)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; epic; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 20 May 2004@01:42:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 20 May 2004@03:44:07.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another keyword) on 4 September 2011@08:47:55.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 19 September 2013@05:26:52.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added bibliography, added link) on 28 August 2018@15:41:03.


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