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Headword: *parmeni/dhs
Adler number: pi,675
Translated headword: Parmenides
Vetting Status: high
Son of Pures, from Elea,[1] a philosopher.[2] He was a disciple of Xenophanes of Colophon,[3] but according to Theophrastus [he was a disciple] of Anaximander of Miletus.[4] As successors he had Empedocles,[5] who was also a philosopher and a physician, and Zeno of Elea.[6] He wrote Physiology[7] in epic verse, and other works in prose, which Plato mentions.[8]
Greek Original:
*parmeni/dhs, *pu/rhtos, *)elea/ths, filo/sofos, maqhth\s gegonw\s *cenofa/nous tou= *kolofwni/ou, w(s de\ *qeo/frastos *)anacima/ndrou tou= *milhsi/ou. au)tou= de\ dia/doxoi e)ge/nonto *)empedoklh=s te, o( kai\ filo/sofos kai\ i)atro/s, kai\ *zh/nwn o( *)elea/ths. e)/graye de\ *fusiologi/an di' e)pw=n, kai\ a)/lla tina\ kataloga/dhn, w(=n me/mnhtai *pla/twn.
C(6-)5 BCE. See generally OCD4 s.v.
[1] For Elea, see epsilon 768.
[2] Monist philosopher and poet, C6 BCE: see web address 1 (Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy).
[3] For Xenophanes, see xi 46.
[4] For Theophrastus, see theta 199; for Anaximander, see alpha 1986. Diogenes Laertius 9.21 says that Parmenides (i) was taught by Xenophanes but (ii) was not his follower. Between i and ii he adds parenthetically that Theophrastus (Physicorum opiniones 6a) called "this man" a pupil of Anaximander; unfortunately the syntax leaves it unclear whether "this man" is Parmenides or, as Diels preferred, Xenophanes.
[5] For Empedocles, see epsilon 1002, epsilon 1003.
[6] For Zeno, see zeta 77.
[7] Perhaps the same as Peri phuseos?
[8] See Plato Sophist 237A, Parmenides 128A (web addresses 2 & 3).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; geography; medicine; meter and music; philosophy; poetry
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 4 April 2002@14:03:56.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; cosmetics) on 1 September 2002@05:24:55.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note; more keywords; cosmetics) on 1 September 2011@10:15:50.
Catharine Roth (removed a link) on 1 September 2011@11:35:11.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 17 September 2013@05:01:39.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@04:22:14.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link reference) on 10 August 2014@11:20:45.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 June 2021@21:43:52.


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