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Headword: Παρρησία
Adler number: pi,636
Translated headword: freedom of speech
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] power, exemption.[1]
"They granted freedom of speech with a knife."[2]
But the [sc. Attic] orators used 'freedom of speech' in application to those intending to insult their listeners, when those speaking made mention of things in the past that ought not to have been done. An instance is Aeschines in the [speech] Against Timarchus: "Nicodemus [of Aphidna] has died a violent death at the hands of Aristarchus -- the poor man had both of his eyes knocked out and his tongue cut out, the one with which he had been exercising freedom of speech, trusting in the laws [and in you]."[3] And in the [speech] On the Mismanaged Embassy: "my choice has been to exercise freedom of speech and at the same time to seek safety in speaking freely and truthfully".[4]
Greek Original:
Παρρησία: ἐξουσία, ἄδεια. οἱ δὲ τῇ μαχαίρᾳ τὴν παρρησίαν ἐδίδοσαν. οἱ ῥήτορες τῇ παρρησίᾳ κατεχρήσαντο ἐπὶ τῶν ὀνειδίζειν μελλόντων τοὺς ἀκούοντας, ὅταν οἱ διαλεγόμενοι τῶν οὐ δεόντως ποτὲ πεπραγμένων μνημονεύωσιν: ὡς Αἰσχίνης ἐν τῷ κατὰ Τιμάρχου: Νικόδημος δὲ ὑπὸ Ἀρισταγόρου τετελεύτηκε βιαίῳ θανάτῳ, ἐκκοπεὶς ὁ δείλαιος ἀμφοτέρους τοὺς ὀφθαλμοὺς καὶ τὴν γλῶτταν ἐκτμηθείς, ᾗ ἐπαρρησιάζετο, πιστεύων τοῖς νόμοις. καὶ ἐν τῷ τῆς παραπρεσβείας: προῄρημαι δὲ παρρησιάσασθαι καὶ ἐλευθέρως ἅμα καὶ τἀληθῆ εἰπὼν σῴζεσθαι.
Notes:
[1] Same glossing in other lexica. See also pi 637.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler, but identifiable via the TLG as Theophylact Simocatta, Histories 5.1.15.
[3] Aeschines 1.172.
[4] Aeschines 2.70.
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; historiography; history; medicine; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 March 2010@05:46:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, expanded note, added cross-reference, set status) on 16 March 2010@01:57:37.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 16 March 2010@04:12:38.
David Whitehead (source identification) on 12 May 2011@06:42:21.
David Whitehead on 16 September 2013@07:04:42.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 July 2015@16:36:48.

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