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Headword: Παράστασις
Adler number: pi,443
Translated headword: fee
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A very common word in the [sc. Attic] orators.[1] It is a drachma paid by the litigants in private suits. Menander in Woman-hater [writes]: "he is dragging a two-leaved tablet there, and a fee of one drachma".[2] Aristotle in Constitution of [the] Athenians, speaking of the thesmothetai, says: "they also receive the public suits in which there is a fee: being a foreigner [sc. who masquerades as a citizen] and bribery by a foreigner - if someone bribes his way out of a charge of being a foreigner - and falsely registering someone as a debtor and falsely appearing as a witness to a judicial summons and failing to delete a discharged debtor and failing to register a debtor and seduction".[3] Demetrius of Phaleron in the [volumes] On Lawmaking says that the arbitrators take the drachmas: one, which they call a fee, from the initial complaint, and another in connection with every affidavit.[4]
Greek Original:
Παράστασις: τοὔνομα πολὺ παρὰ τοῖς ῥήτορσιν. ἔστι δὲ δραχμὴ καταβαλλομένη ὑπὸ τῶν δικαζομένων τὰς ἰδίας δίκας. Μένανδρος Μισογύνῃ: ἕλκει δὲ γραμματίδιον ἐκεῖσε δίθυρον, καὶ παράστασις μία δραχμή. Ἀριστοτέλης δὲ ἐν Ἀθηναίων Πολιτείᾳ περὶ τῶν θεσμοθετῶν λέγων φησίν: εἰσὶ δὲ γραφαὶ πρὸς αὐτούς, ὧν παράστασις τίθεται, ξενίας καὶ δωροξενίας, ἄν τις δῶρα δοὺς ἀποφύγῃ τὴν ξενίαν, καὶ ψευδεγγραφῆς καὶ ψευδοκλητίας καὶ βουλεύσεως καὶ γραφίου καὶ μοιχείας. Δημήτριος δὲ ὁ Φαληρεὺς ἐν τοῖς Περὶ νομοθεσίας τοὺς διαιτητὰς φησὶ λαμβάνειν τὰς δραχμάς, μίαν μὲν ἀπὸ τῆς λήξεως, ἣν παράστασιν ἐκάλουν: ἑτέραν δὲ κατὰ ὑπωμοσίου ἑκάστην.
Notes:
[1] Perhaps accidentally, a more precise form of words (already in Photius pi302) than the one used by Harpokration s.v., where no genre is specified.
[2] Menander fr. 278 Koerte (238 K.-A.).
[3] ?Aristotle, Athenaion Politeia 59.3, slightly abridged. For the thesmothetai cf. theta 267.
[4] FGrH 228 F7. For the arbitrators cf. delta 887, delta 888.
Reference:
A.R.W. Harrison, The Law of Athens, vol.2 (Oxford 1971) 94
Keywords: comedy; definition; economics; historiography; law; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 December 2000@08:40:57.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, keyword, status) on 19 March 2004@19:29:04.
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 20 March 2004@05:49:13.
David Whitehead (corrected my own typo) on 20 March 2004@12:46:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 22 November 2005@10:08:21.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 July 2011@04:21:47.
David Whitehead on 5 September 2013@06:55:11.
David Whitehead on 22 May 2016@04:40:53.

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