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Headword: Palladion
Adler number: pi,34
Translated headword: Palladion, Palladium
Vetting Status: high
This was a small wooden figure, which they used to say was enchanted, guarding the kingdom of Troy; it was given to King Tros, when he was founding the city, by Asios, a certain philosopher and priest;[1] hence, no doubt, it was to honour Asios that he named Asia the territory over which he was king, previously called Epeiros. But those who wrote poems [sc. about this] said that this palladion [came] out of the sky and was taken back to Tros when he was ruling the Phrygians. Diomedes [Author, Myth] and Odysseus, when they made their embassy to Priam,[2] stole this from the temple; they had been given it beforehand by Theano, the wife of Antenor [Author, Myth],[3] who happened to be a priestess and its guardian; for they learned from an oracle and Antenor that as long as the palladion remained in Troy the kingdom of the Phrygians would be unshaken. Great dissension therefore arose between Ajax and Odysseus, [about] who would take this back to their own country, with the other kings and leaders adjudicating between them. Much discussion was generated and, as evening came on, they reached a decision to entrust the image to Diomedes until the following morning. And that is what happened; but during the night Ajax was found mysteriously murdered. The suspicion was that Odysseus had killed him by deceit. And after quarrelling with each other they sailed away.
See in the [entry] 'Diomedean compulsion'.[4]
Greek Original:
Palladion: touto ên zôidion mikron xulinon, ho elegon einai tetelesmenon, phulatton tên basileian tês Troias: edothê de Trôï tôi basilei ktizonti tên polin hupo Asiou tinos philosophou kai telestou: dio dê eis timên Asiou tên hup' autou basileuomenên chôran proteron Êpeiron legomenên Asian ekalesen. hoi de poiêtikôs grapsantes ek tou aeros eipon to palladion touto katenechthênai tôi Trôï basileuonti Phrugôn. touto Diomêdês kai Odusseus, hote tên presbeian epoiêsanto pros Priamon, ek tou hierou esulêsan, prodedôkuias auto Theanous tês tou Antênoros gunaikos, hiereias tunchanousês kai phulattousês auto: êsan gar apo chrêsmou kai Antênoros mathontes, hoti heôs hou menei to palladion en têi Troiai, asaleutos estai hê basileia tôn Phrugôn. pollê toinun metaxu Aiantos kai Odusseôs ekinêthê eris, tis touto eis tên idian apenenkoi patrida, dikazontôn autois tôn allôn basileôn kai promachôn. pollôn toinun metaxu logôn kinêthentôn, kai genomenês opsias, edoxen autois parathesthai to bretas Diomêdei, mechris an genêtai prôï. kai toutou genomenou, dia tês nuktos heurethê ho Aias esphagmenos adêlôs. hupenooun de dolôi pho- neusai auton ton Odussea. kai philoneikêsantes pros allêlous apepleusan. zêtei en tôi Diomêdeios anankê.
See generally OCD4 s.v. Palladium. The present entry's material (part of which also occurs in the scholia to Homer, Iliad 6.311, on the name Pallas Athene) is paralleled in late-antique historiography: John of Antioch, John Malalas, etc.
[1] cf. alpha 4149.
[2] pi 2274.
[3] alpha 2647.
[4] delta 1164.
Keywords: aetiology; biography; botany; definition; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; mythology; philosophy; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 11 August 2010@09:58:56.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, set status) on 11 August 2010@12:12:10.
David Whitehead (more x-refs) on 12 August 2010@03:08:27.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2013@03:55:36.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@03:46:14.


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