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Headword: *pro/wntai
Adler number: pi,2549
Translated headword: they would desert
Vetting Status: high
[In the] subjunctive. [Meaning] they will give up, they will neglect.[1]
"But [Decebalus] summoned the countries around him, declaring that if they deserted him, then they too would be running a risk."[2]
Greek Original:
*pro/wntai: au)qupo/takton. prodw/sousin, a)melh/sousin. o( de\ tou\s perixw/rous pareka/lei, le/gwn o(/ti e)a\n au)to\n pro/wntai, kai\ au)toi\ kinduneu/sousi.
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is the aorist subjunctive middle, third person plural, of the verb proi/hmi, I send beforehand, let go, give away, but in the middle voice also I abandon, desert; see generally LSJ s.v. B.II.2.
[1] The first glossing verb is the future indicative active, third person plural (with nu movable), of the verb prodi/dwmi; cf. the aorist infinitives of the headword and this gloss at pi 2394, Synagoge s.v. proe/sqai, and see generally LSJ s.v. The second glossing verb is the same form but from the verb a)mele/w; see generally LSJ s.v.
[2] Cassius Dio 68.11.2 (where the verb is accented prow=ntai: web address 1). The passage describes the political and military strife instigated in the summer of 103 CE by Decebalus (Dekebalos, ruled 85-106 CE; cf. delta 189, delta 344, and OCD(4) s.v.), king of Dacia (Dakia, lower Danube region; cf. delta 23 and OCD(4) s.v. Dacia; Barrington Atlas map 21 grids E-F4), often thwarting Trajan (Roman emperor 98-117 CE; cf. tau 902 and OCD(4) s.v.); Seton-Watson, p. 2. The quotation is also given by Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpta de Legationibus 427.16. [In her critical apparatus Adler notes that mss GM omit o(/ti: that.]
R.W. Seton-Watson, A History of the Roumanians: From Roman Times to the Completion of Unity, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1934
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 20 August 2013@00:10:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 August 2013@03:18:15.
David Whitehead on 16 October 2013@07:54:18.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:12:04.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 December 2014@00:03:06.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 6 December 2014@23:18:55.


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