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Headword: Πρόκλος
Adler number: pi,2473
Translated headword: Proclus, Proklos
Vetting Status: high
The Lycian, a student of Syrianus,[1] and also a student of the philosopher Plutarch son of Nestorius,[2] and he [Proclus] himself a Platonic philosopher. He was the head of the philosophy school in Athens, and his student and successor is called Marinus the Neopolitan.[3] He wrote a great many works, both philosophical and grammatical. [He wrote] a commentary on the whole of Homer, a commentary on Hesiod's Works and Days, 3 books about practical instruction, 2 about education, 4 books on the Republic of Plato, On the Theology of Orpheus, the Parallels between Orpheus, Pythagoras and Plato Concerning the Oracles, 10 books, [a book] about the gods in Homer, [and] 18 Dialectical Proofs against Christians.
This man is Proclus, the second after Porphyry[4] to set his foul and insulting tongue in motion against Christians; [the man] to whom John wrote, the one called Philoponus, who responded altogether marvelously to his 18 Dialectical Proofs and exposed him as unlearned and foolish even on Greek matters, on which he greatly prided himself.
Proclus wrote a book on the Mother,[5] which if anyone [were to] pick up and read, he will see that it reveals, with considerable divine inspiration, the whole theology surrounding the goddess, so that no longer is the hearing troubled by poorly resonating dirges.[6]
Greek Original:
Πρόκλος, ὁ Λύκιος, μαθητὴς Συριανοῦ, ἀκουστὴς δὲ καὶ Πλουτάρχου τοῦ Νεστορίου φιλοσόφου, καὶ αὐτὸς φιλόσοφος Πλατωνικός. οὗτος προέστη τῆς ἐν Ἀθήναις φιλοσόφου σχολῆς, καὶ αὐτοῦ μαθητὴς καὶ διάδοχος χρηματίζει Μαρῖνος ὁ Νεαπολίτης. ἔγραψε πάνυ πολλά, φιλόσοφά τε καὶ γραμματικά. ὑπόμνημα εἰς ὅλον τὸν Ὅμηρον, ὑπόμνημα εἰς τὰ Ἡσιόδου Ἔργα καὶ Ἡμέρας, Περὶ χρηστομαθείας βιβλία γ#, Περὶ ἀγωγῆς β#, Εἰς τὴν πολιτείαν Πλάτωνος βιβλία δ#, Εἰς τὴν Ὀρφέως Θεολογίαν, Συμφωνίαν Ὀρφέως, Πυθαγόρου, Πλάτωνος περὶ τὰ Λόγια βιβλία ι#, Περὶ τῶν παρ' Ὁμήρῳ θεῶν, Ἐπιχειρήματα κατὰ Χριστιανῶν ιη#. οὗτός ἐστι Πρόκλος, ὁ δεύτερος μετὰ Πορφύριον κατὰ Χριστιανῶν τὴν μιαρὰν καὶ ἐφύβριστον αὐτοῦ γλῶσσαν κινήσας: εἰς ὃν ἔγραψεν Ἰωάννης, ὁ ἐπικληθεὶς Φιλόπονος, πάνυ θαυμασίως ὑπαντήσας κατὰ τῶν ι# καὶ η# ἐπιχειρημάτων αὐτοῦ καὶ δείξας αὐτὸν κἀν τοῖς Ἑλληνικοῖς, ἐφ' οἷς μέγα ἐφρόνει, ἀμαθῆ καὶ ἀνόητον. ἔγραψε Πρόκλος Μητρῳακὴν βίβλον, ἣν εἴ τις μετὰ χεῖρας λάβοι, ὄψεται, ὡς οὐκ ἄνευ θείας κατακωχῆς τὴν θεολογίαν τὴν περὶ τὴν θεὸν ἐξέφηνεν ἅπασαν, ὥστε μηκέτι θράττεσθαι τὴν ἀκοὴν ἐκ τῶν ἀπεμφαινόντων θρήνων.
AD 410/412-485. See generally J.M. Dillon in OCD4 s.v.
[1] sigma 1662. Adler notes the view of Schoell and Praechter that some of the works attributed here to Proclus (between 'a commentary on the whole of Homer' and 'about the gods in Homer') should in fact be ascribed to Syrianus.
[2] pi 1794.
[3] mu 198; cf. mu 199. Marinus wrote a biography of Proclus, which is drawn upon for the last paragraph here (See note 6).
[4] pi 2098, pi 2099.
[5] cf. mu 1012.
[6] = Marinus, Life of Proclus 33 (see note 3); cf. theta 465, kappa 595.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; gender and sexuality; geography; history; meter and music; mythology; philosophy; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Brian Dandurand on 10 December 2002@15:21:51.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 11 December 2002@04:30:28.
David Whitehead (added another x-ref) on 12 December 2002@07:12:41.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@10:04:45.
William Hutton (modified translation, augmented notes, added keywords, raised status.) on 1 March 2008@08:12:22.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 21 November 2011@04:58:30.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 22 April 2014@05:10:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 April 2014@10:44:22.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@07:08:31.


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