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Headword: *pi/ndaros
Adler number: pi,1617
Translated headword: Pindar
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Of Thebes, son of Skopelinos, but according to some [son] of Daiphantes -- which is more likely true: for the son of Skopelinos is more obscure and a kinsman of Pindar.[1] Some also have recorded that he is [the son] of Pagonides. He was a pupil of the woman Myrtis.[2] He was born in the 65th Olympiad and was 40 years old at the time of Xerxes' invasion.[3] He had a brother named Erotion and a son Diophantos, as well as daughters Eumetis and Protomache. The end of his life happened as he had prayed: for when he had asked that the best gift in life should be given to him, at once he died in the theater, leaning on the knees of his beloved Theoxenos, at 55 years of age.[4] He wrote 17 books in the Doric dialect as follows: Olympian Victory Odes, Pythian Victory Odes, Prosodia, Virgins' Songs, Coronation Songs, Bacchic Songs, Songs for Apollo of the Laurel, Paeans, Hyporchemes, Hymns, Dithyrambs, Drinking Songs, Encomia, Laments, 17 tragic dramas, epigrams in epic meter and praises in prose for the Greeks, and very many other works.
Greek Original:
*pi/ndaros, *qhbw=n, *skopeli/nou ui(o/s, kata\ de/ tinas *dai+fa/ntou: o(\ kai\ ma=llon a)lhqe/s: o( ga\r *skopeli/nou e)sti\n a)fane/steros kai\ prosgenh\s *pinda/rou. tine\s de\ kai\ *pagwni/dou i(sto/rhsan au)to/n. maqhth\s de\ *murti/dos gunaiko/s, gegonw\s kata\ th\n ce# o)lumpia/da kai\ kata\ th\n *ce/rcou stratei/an w)\n e)tw=n m#. kai\ a)delfo\s me\n h)=n au)tw=| o)/noma *)erwti/wn kai\ ui(o\s *dio/fantos, qugate/res de\ *eu)/mhtis kai\ *prwtoma/xh. kai\ sune/bh au)tw=| tou= bi/ou teleuth\ kat' eu)xa/s: ai)th/santi ga\r to\ ka/lliston au)tw=| doqh=nai tw=n e)n tw=| bi/w| a)qro/on au)to\n a)poqanei=n e)n qea/trw|, a)nakeklime/non ei)s ta\ tou= e)rwme/nou *qeoce/nou au)tou= go/nata, e)tw=n ne#. e)/graye de\ e)n bibli/ois iz# *dwri/di diale/ktw| tau=ta: *)olumpioni/kas, *puqioni/kas, *proso/dia, *parqe/nia, *)enqronismou/s, *bakxika/, *dafnhforika/, *paia=nas, *(uporxh/mata, *(/umnous, *diqura/mbous, *skolia/, *)egkw/mia, *qrh/nous, dra/mata tragika\ iz#, e)pigra/mmata e)pika\ kai\ kataloga/dhn paraine/seis toi=s *(/ellhsi, kai\ a)/lla plei=sta.
Notes:
See generally C. Carey in OCD4 s.v.; see also pi 1619.
[1] cf. pi 1618, and the discussion in M.R. Lefkowitz, The Lives of Greek Poets (1981) 62.
[2] See kappa 2087 (Corinna).
[3] These two dating criteria concur: the 65th Olympiad was 520-517, and Xerxes' invasion of Greece occurred in 481-479.
[4] So the transmitted numeral, but it is too low (Pythian 8 is datable to c.446); Adler's notes Bernhardy's emendation to '75' and Rohde's to '85'.
Keywords: athletics; biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; gender and sexuality; geography; military affairs; meter and music; poetry; religion; tragedy; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 5 January 2002@22:54:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 6 January 2002@04:32:51.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 October 2011@08:01:37.
David Whitehead (more notes and keywords) on 4 October 2013@04:44:01.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 7 July 2014@23:50:03.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@05:32:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 10 August 2014@11:18:06.

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