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Headword: Perseus Makedôn
Adler number: pi,1371
Translated headword: Perseus of Macedon, Perseus the Macedonian
Vetting Status: high
"Perseus, having already regaining courage little by little after [his] flight, wickedly killed Nicias and Andronicus whom he had sent for the drowning of his money and the burning of his ships.[1] For, having saved both ships and money for himself, he considered them witnesses of [his] shameful panic and [likely] to report [it] to others; and from this [point] he immediately changed, becoming fierce and reckless to all. Nothing sane or prudent was still in him, but rather the man [who was] the most persuasive in judgment, clever in calculation, and the bravest in battle — as much as he was foiled because of [his] inexperience — then all at once and unreasonably turned to cowardice and thoughtlessness. Suddenly he became fickle and clumsy in all things, as fortune had begun leaving him. Wherefore one can see many becoming more irrational than their [sc. previous] selves when change comes."[2]
"Perseus' ship was lavishly equipped in many respects, particularly in having the oarage made for 17 rows."[3]
Greek Original:
Perseus Makedôn: hoti Perseus anatharrôn êdê kat' oligon meta tên phugên Nikian kai Andronikon, hous epi ton katapontismon tôn chrêmatôn kai ton emprêsmon tôn neôn epepomphei, peripoiêsas hautôi kai tas naus kai ta chrêmata, sunistoras hêgoumenos aischrou phobou kai heterois exangellein, apekteinen athemistôs: kai apo toude euthus ek metabolês ômos kai eucherês es hapantas egeneto, kai ouden hugies oute euboulon hoi eti ên, all' ho pithanôtatos es euboulian kai logisasthai dexios kai eutolmotatos es machas, hosa ge mê sphalloito di' apeirian, athroôs tote kai paralogôs es deilian kai alogistian etrepeto kai tachus kai eumetathetos aphnô kai skaios es pantas egineto, archomenês auton epileipein tês tuchês, hoper esti pollous idein metabolês proïousês alogôterous genomenous heautôn. hoti hê tou Perseôs naus ta te alla exêskêto megalophuôs kai tên eiresian epi iz# stoichôn eiche pepoiêmenên.
For this individual see already pi 1370 and the notes there. The present entry draws on two sources: see below.
[1] The Suda manuscripts, Adler notes, have 'drowning' twice; 'burning' comes from the source (see next note).
[2] Appian, Macedonica fr. 16; again in part at sigma 1582. This highly unfavourable portrait of Perseus relates specifically to the end of his reign. For discussion see N.G.L. Hammond and F.W. Walbank, A History of Macedonia, iii (Oxford 1988) 532-3.
[3] John of Antioch fr.134 Roberto (via Constantine Porphyrogenitus, Excerpts on the Virtues). The figure of '17' looks very dubious and may well be corrupt, as transmitted numerals so easily are. See generally, on the elephantine warships of the Hellenistic era, Lionel Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Baltimore 1995) 99-116.
Keywords: biography; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Philip Forness on 29 February 2012@08:16:24.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 29 February 2012@09:53:51.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 1 March 2012@01:30:20.
David Whitehead (typo) on 4 March 2012@04:09:29.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 30 September 2013@07:16:45.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another note; cosmetics) on 10 April 2014@05:38:33.
David Whitehead (expanded n.3) on 30 January 2015@03:48:10.
David Whitehead (coding) on 23 May 2016@04:20:42.


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