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Headword: *periballome/nous
Adler number: pi,1078
Translated headword: appropriating, capturing, encompassing, surrounding, throwing around
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning them] apprehending.[1]
Xenophon [writes]: "the fit men he despatched -- some here, some there -- to plunder [sc. the countryside] and he ordered them, appropriating whatever anyone might encounter, to bring it to him."[2]
And Polybius [writes]: "but Attalus, encompassing a fuller explanation, reminded them of the virtue shown from the beginning by his ancestors."[3] Meaning having gone through [it] in detail.
And elsewhere: "[he] having thrown round with chains."[4]
And Aelian [writes]: "surrounding his attendants, they lead the masses into the theatre."[5]
Greek Original:
*periballome/nous: proslambanome/nous. *cenofw=n: tou\s e)pithdei/ous a)/llous a)/llose a)fh=ke kataqei=n kai\ e)ke/leue periballome/nous, o(/pws tis e)pitugxa/noi, e)lau/nein pro\s au)to/n. kai\ *polu/bios: o( de\ *)/attalos periballo/menos plei/w lo/gon u(pemi/mnhsken au)tou\s th=s a)ne/kaqen tw=n progo/nwn a)reth=s. a)nti\ tou= diecelqw/n. kai\ au)=qis: desmoi=s peribalw/n. kai\ *ai)liano/s: oi( de\ tou\s u(phre/tas au)tw=| peribalo/ntes ei)s to\ qe/atron a)/gousin.
The headword is the present middle/passive participle, masculine accusative plural, of the verb periba/llw, I throw about, around, over, appropriate, capture; I put on); cf. pi 1077, pi 1079, and see generally LSJ s.v. One might suppose it to be extracted from the first quotation given, but parallel entries in other lexica (see next note) have no quotations, and Theodoridis on Photius s.v. follows S.A. Naber in regarding this participle as extracted from Homer, Odyssey 22.148.
[1] The headword is identically glossed in the Synagoge and Photius' Lexicon (pi643 Theodoridis); cf. Lexica Segueriana 337.20. Adler also cites Boysen's Lexicon Seguerianum. [In her critical apparatus Adler reports that ms F omitted the remainder of the entry.]
[2] An approximation -- the major discrepancy is that the participle is aorist peribalome/nous ("having appropriated"), not the Suda's present periballome/nous -- of Xenophon, Cyropaedia 1.4.17 (web address 1). It describes (perhaps apocryphally) hunting and pillaging forays into the Median frontier (Barrington Atlas map 3 grid E3) directed by the young Cyrus (I) the Great of Persia (Kurash, Kurush (Old Persian), Kyros (Greek); d. 530-529; kappa 2777, kappa 2778, and see generally OCD(4) s.v. Cyrus(1)).
[3] Polybius 18.17.6 (web address 2), describing the speech by Attalus I (269-197, ruler of Pergamum 241-197) on his diplomatic mission to Thebes in spring 197; cf. alpha 4316 and see generally OCD(4) s.v. Attalus I. Against Paton's translation (their ancestors, pp. 120-1), Walbank (citing Livy 33.2: web address 3) takes this to indicate Attalus's ancestors, not those of his listeners (pp. 572).
[4] See more fully at delta 1704, where Adler suggests Aelian as a possible source. [This fragment is lacking in ms A (so Adler).]
[5] Aelian fr. 176 Hercher (179 Domingo-Forasté), more fully at sigma 1191. [Adler notes that mss AVM read au)tw=n desmoi=s: surrounding them with chains.]
W.R. Paton, trans., Polybius: The Histories, vol. V, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2006
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. II, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967
D. Domingo-Forasté, ed., Clavdii Aeliani: Epistvlae et Fragmenta, Stuttgart and Leipzig: Teubner, 1994
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 16 February 2011@23:20:14.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 February 2011@03:44:54.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 14 September 2011@06:08:30.
Catharine Roth (tweaked reference, upgraded links) on 4 June 2013@01:51:02.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; another keyword) on 24 September 2013@05:29:54.
David Whitehead on 10 August 2014@04:49:07.
David Whitehead (codings) on 22 May 2016@09:36:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 23 July 2021@17:51:24.


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