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Headword: *pe/plos
Adler number: pi,1006
Translated headword: robe, peplos
Vetting Status: high
In a special sense, amongst the Athenians, a peplos is the decoration of the Panathenaic temple, which the Athenians used to prepare for the goddess every four years; they also used to process in her honor through the Kerameikos as far as the Eleusinion. They call this [garment] a peplos because of its being woollen. Enkelados, whom Athena destroyed,[1] had been depicted on it; he was one of the Giants. Alternatively [it was] because the Athenians after a victory made a robe for Athena and inscribed [sc. the names of] the best [fighters] on it.[2]
Peplos:[3] concerning the robe taken up for Athena at the Great Panathenaia there is information on record not only in the orators but also in comedy.
[Note] that a peplos is also called an eanon.[4] The peplos is an article of female clothing.
Greek Original:
*pe/plos: i)di/ws para\ toi=s *)aqhnai/ois pe/plos to\ a)/rmenon th=s *panaqhnai+kh=s new/s, h(\n oi( *)aqhnai=oi kateskeu/azon th=| qew=| dia\ tetraethri/- dos: h(=s kai\ th\n pomph\n dia\ tou= *kerameikou= e)poi/oun me/xri tou= *)eleusini/ou. pe/plon de\ tou=to e)ka/loun dia\ to\ e)reou=n au)to\ ei)=nai. e)ge/grapto de\ e)n au)tw=| o( *)egke/lados, o(\n a)nei=len h( *)aqhna=: h)=n de\ tw=n *giga/ntwn ei(=s. h)\ o(/ti nikh/santes oi( *)aqhnai=oi pe/plon e)poi/hsan th=| *)aqhna=| kai\ e)ne/grayan tou\s a)ri/stous e)n au)tw=|. *pe/plos: peri\ tou= pe/plou tou= a)nagome/nou th=| *)aqhna=| toi=s mega/lois *panaqhnai/ois ou) mo/non para\ toi=s r(h/torsi/n e)stin h( mnh/mh, a)lla\ kai\ para\ toi=s kwmikoi=s. o(/ti *pe/plos kalei=tai kai\ e(ano/n. e)/sti de\ o( pe/plos gunaikei=on e)/nduma.
cf. pi 1005.
[1] By burying him under Sicily.
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 566, where the genitive case of the headword occurs.
[3] The immediate source for this paragraph is Harpokration s.v., glossing Isaeus fr. 95 Sauppe.
[4] cf. epsilon 8.
Keywords: aetiology; art history; clothing; comedy; definition; military affairs; mythology; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 14 December 2000@06:43:29.
Vetted by:
Ross Scaife ✝ (keywords, status) on 14 December 2000@08:45:11.
David Whitehead (augmented note and keywords) on 17 September 2002@10:09:21.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 26 March 2003@00:45:54.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 17 May 2004@01:48:50.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and cosmetics; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 May 2011@05:29:03.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 July 2011@05:38:47.
David Whitehead (tweak to tr, at CR's prompting) on 31 May 2020@05:36:00.


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