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Headword: *foinikiou=s
Adler number: phi,793
Translated headword: purplish
Vetting Status: high
Meaning ruddy. It has a circumflex accent by the rule of the simple [vowels contracting] into -ous. And from the genitive[1] foi/nikos comes foiniko/eis,[2] [hence] foiniki/oes[3] by metathesis and foinikiou=s by contraction.
Greek Original:
*foinikiou=s: a)nti\ tou= purro/s. perispa=tai de\ tw=n ei)s ous a(plw=n tw=| lo/gw|. kai/ e)sti para\ th\n foi/nikos genikh/n, foiniko/eis, foiniki/oes e)n u(perqe/sei, foinikiou=s e)n sunaire/sei.
The headword is an adjective (in the masculine singular nominative) equivalent in meaning to the more common adjectives foini/kios and foini/kous, from which LSJ speculates the current adjective was formed by "contamination." The entry derives from the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 272, where the headword occurs.
[1] That is, the genitive not of the headword but of the noun foi=nic from which it derives.
[2] Yet another adjective from the same root, attested in Homer (e.g. Iliad 23.717) and elsewhere.
[3] This form is not attested elsewhere and is probably hypothetical, imagined as a missing link between the other two adjectives.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 8 February 2014@11:58:58.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 8 February 2014@20:44:27.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 9 February 2014@04:40:24.


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