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Headword: Phlauron
Adler number: phi,519
Translated headword: petty, trivial, bad
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] paltry or slight evil. For flau=ron and fau=lon are different: a small evil is flau=ron, but a big one [is] fau=lon.[1]
*flau=ron [means] nonsensical, distasteful, ill-omened,[2] grievous. In Aristophanes.
"It is bad for a an old man to stand upright, who falls as a young man." That is, it is impossible for a man who has once fallen in youth to be set upright in old age.[3]
"Speak auspiciously, and say nothing petty about upright and intelligent men, of whom because of frugality no one ever shaved himself or anointed himself or went to a bath-house to wash himself."[4]
Greek Original:
Phlauron: phaulon ê kouphon kakon. diapherei gar phlauron kai phaulon: phlauron men gar esti to mikron kakon, phaulon de to mega. Phlauron, phluaron, aêdes, dusphêmon, lupêron. para Aristophanei. geronta d' orthoun phlauron, hos neos pesêi. toutesti ton hapax en neotêti pesonta en gêrai orthousthai adunaton. eustomei, kai mêden eipêis phlauron andras dexious kai noun echontas, hôn hupo tês pheidôlias apekeirat' oudeis pôpot', oud' êleipsato, oud' eis balaneion êlthe lousomenos.
[1] Same or similar glosses in other lexica (references at Photius phi218 Theodoridis), and in a scholion on Aristophanes, Clouds 834 (see below).
[2] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Peace 96; cf. phi 140.
[3] Sophocles, Oedipus at Colonus 395 (web address 1), with scholion.
[4] Aristophanes, Clouds 833-7 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 10 September 2011@01:20:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 11 September 2011@04:53:31.
David Whitehead on 13 December 2013@03:56:05.


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