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Headword: *fa/laris
Adler number: phi,43
Translated headword: Phalaris
Vetting Status: high
A citizen of Akragas, but he became tyrant of all Sicily during the 52nd Olympiad.[1] He wrote some very striking letters.[2]
Aelian says of this man that "Loxias [= Apollo] and Father Zeus voted a two year stay of death for Phalaris, in return for the civilized way he behaved towards Chariton and Melanippos".[3]
Greek Original:
*fa/laris, *)akraganti=nos, turannh/sas de\ *sikeli/as o(/lhs kata\ th\n nb# o)lumpia/da. e)/grayen e)pistola\s pa/nu qaumasi/as. *ai)liano/s fhsi peri\ tou/tou, o(/ti *loci/as de\ kai\ *zeu\s path\r a)nabolh\n qana/tou e)yhfi/santo e)/th du/o *fala/ridi, a)nq' w(=n h(me/rws *xari/twni kai\ *melani/ppw| proshne/xqh.
OCD4 Phalaris (by B.M. Caven).
[1] 572/1-569/8 BCE.
[2] The Letters of Phalaris were proved to be forgeries by Richard Bentley in 1699 in a celebrated controversy with Charles Boyle. The collection of 148 letters is reproduced in R. Hercher, Epistolographi Graeci. Paris: 1873, pp.409-459. See also under pi 817.
[3] Aelian, Varia Historia 2.4 recounts the story of Chariton and Melanippos. See alpha 1812, alpha 2634, epsilon 2201, with notes.
Dunbabin, T.J., The western Greeks. Oxford: O.U.P., 1948, pp.314-324.
Freeman, E.A., History of Sicily. Oxford: O.U.P., 1891, v.2 pp.63-81.
V. Hinz, Nunc Phalaris doctum protulit ecce caput. Antike Phalarislegende und Nachleben der Phalarisbriefe. Beitra+ge zur
Altertumskunde Bd. 148. Munich and Leipzig: K. G. Saur Verlag GmbH, 2001.
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; mythology; politics; religion
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 31 March 2002@02:19:48.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead on 10 April 2002@03:30:25.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 4 August 2011@04:20:34.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 6 August 2014@10:30:58.


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