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Headword: Φάβιος
Adler number: phi,3
Translated headword: Fabius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[It is noted] that Fabius Maximus, a Roman consul, who was entrusted with the war against the Samnites at a rather young age, suffered a defeat when he prosecuted the undertaking too boldly and confidently: the Romans lost three thousand men dead and most of their troops disabled. The senate relieved him of the command. But his father (who had the same name as his son), experienced in many earlier campaigns, begged the senate to forgive Fabius his mistakes, promising himself to retrieve his son's defeat with greater deeds. The senate yielding to respect for the man again entrusted the command of the war to the young man, giving him his father as a legate, lest he fail in any way because of inexperience. And when he came into battle he fought bravely and celebrated a triumph.
Greek Original:
Φάβιος: ὅτι Φάβιος Μάξιμος, ὕπατος Ῥωμαίων, νεώτερος ὢν καὶ τὸν πρὸς Σαμνίτας πόλεμον ἐγκεχειρισμένος, θρασύτερον ἢ ἀσφαλέστερον τοῦ ἔργου προσαψάμενος ἐσφάλη, τρισχιλίων νεκρῶν ἀπομάχων τε πλείστων τοῖς Ῥωμαίοις γεγενημένων. ἡ δὲ βουλὴ τοῦτον παραλύει τῆς ἡγεμονίας. ὁ δὲ τούτου πατὴρ ὁμώνυμος τῷ παιδὶ πολλαῖς ἐνηθληκὼς ἀνέκαθεν στρατείαις ἐδεῖτο τῆς βουλῆς ἀνεῖναι τῷ Φαβίῳ τὰ ἐγκλήματα, αὐτὸς ἀναμάχεσθαι τὸ τοῦ παιδὸς πταῖσμα κρείττοσιν ἔργοις ὑφιστάμενος. εἴξασα ἡ βουλὴ αἰδοῖ τοῦ ἀνδρὸς ἐπιτρέπει αὖθις τῷ νέῳ τὴν τοῦ πολέμου ἡγεμονίαν, πρεσβευτὴν αὐτῷ τὸν πατέρα δοῦσα, ὡς ἂν μή τι δι' ἀπειρίαν σφάλλοιτο. καὶ ὃς ἀφικόμενος ἐς τὴν πολεμίαν ἀριστεύει καὶ θρίαμβον κατάγει.
Notes:
Quintus Fabius Maximus Rullianus, consul 322 (the year of this alleged episode), 310, 308, 297, 295 BCE. See generally Andrew Drummond in OCD4 p.564.
This Suda entry was tentatively attributed by Adler to John of Antioch; now his fr.102 Roberto. Compare also Eutropius, Breviarium 2.8-9.
Keywords: biography; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 May 2002@01:00:55.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword) on 29 May 2002@03:25:01.
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks) on 12 July 2009@08:31:15.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 August 2011@10:36:34.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 8 August 2011@14:46:03.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@10:29:04.
David Whitehead (updated and expanded a ref) on 30 January 2015@03:21:51.

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