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Headword: Φειδωλός
Adler number: phi,250
Translated headword: frugal
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] sparing, stingy.[1]
Being a frugal person, the calculator who avoids [φεύγων ] giving [δοῦναι ]. Or from the [verb] φείδομαι and the [verb] δοῦναι , being a φειδωδός , with a change of the delta into lambda.[2]
Greek Original:
Φειδωλός: φειδόμενος, σκνιπός. Φειδωλός τις ὤν, ὁ φεύγων τὸ δοῦναι ὁ περίψηφος. ἢ παρὰ τὸ φείδομαι καὶ τὸ δοῦναι, φειδωδός τις ὤν, τροπῇ τοῦ δ εἰς λ.
Notes:
[1] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; references at Photius phi103 Theodoridis.
[2] From a scholion on Aristophanes, Plutus/Wealth 237 (where the phrase ἤν μὲν γὰρ ὡς φειδωλὸν εἰσελθὼν τύχω occurs); cf. Herodian the grammarian cited by Orion [Author, Myth] 160.5. In fact φειδωλός is an adjective formed from the verb φείδομαι with the suffix -λος (Smyth §858.7).
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 10 October 2011@21:40:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; cosmetics) on 11 October 2011@03:13:14.
Catharine Roth (expanded note 2) on 11 October 2011@14:51:52.
David Whitehead on 8 December 2013@06:00:28.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 16 August 2019@00:44:59.

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