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Headword: Pherekudês
Adler number: phi,214
Translated headword: Pherekydes, Pherecydes
Vetting Status: high
Son of Babys; a Syrian; Syra[1] is one of the Cyclades islands, near to Delos. He lived in the time of Alyattes, king of [the] Lydians,[2] thus contemporary with the Seven Sages, and was born in about the forty-fifth Olympiad.[3] There is a story that Pythagoras[4] was taught by him, but that he had no instructor and instead trained himself after acquiring the secret books of the Phoenicians. Some record that he was the first to publish a composition in prose (although others attribute this to Kadmos of Miletos)[5] and that he introduced the first account of the migration of souls. He was jealous of the reputation of Thales[6] and died from an infestation of lice. This is a complete list of what he wrote: Seven Gulfs or Divine Mixture or Birth of the Gods. There is also a Story of the Gods in ten books, containing the birth and successors[7] of the gods.
Greek Original:
Pherekudês, Babuos, Surios: esti de nêsos mia tôn Kukladôn hê Sura, plêsion Dêlou. gegone de kata ton Ludôn basilea Aluattên, hôs sunchronein tois z# sophois: kai tetechthai peri tên me# Olumpiada. didachthênai de hup' autou Puthagoran logos: auton de ouk eschêkenai kathêgêtên, all' heauton askêsai, ktêsamenon ta Phoinikôn apokrupha biblia. prôton de sungraphên exenenkein pezôi logôi tines historousin, heterôn touto eis Kadmon ton Milêsion pherontôn, kai prôton ton peri tês metempsuchôseôs logon eisêgêsasthai. ezêlotupei de tên Thalêtos doxan. kai teleutai hupo plêthous phtheirôn. esti de hapanta ha sunegrapse, tauta: Heptamuchos êtoi Theokrasia ê Theogonia. esti de theologia en bibliois deka, echousa theôn genesin kai diadochous.
OCD(4) s.v. Pherecydes(1); FGrH 3 T1. See also phi 216 and phi 217 (Pherekydes of Athens and Pherekydes of Leros) There is much confusion between the three in the sources: see Jacoby ad loc., as well as Schibli, Toye and Fowler, for differing opinions.
[1] More usually, then as now, called Syros; Barrington Atlas map 57 grid C4.
[2] alpha 1423.
[3] 600-597; Jacoby emends to 'forty-ninth' (584-581), citing Diogenes Laertius 1.121.
[4] pi 3120, etc.
[5] kappa 22, etc.
[6] theta 17, etc.
[7] Or, by a likely emendation proposed by Preller, 'successions' (diadoxa/s vs. diado/xous).
H.S. Schibli, Pherekydes of Syros (Oxford, 1990)
D.L.S. Toye, Pherekydes (Diss: Univ. of California Santa Barbara, 1991)
R.L. Fowler, "The Authors Named Pherecydes." Mnemosyne 52 (1997) 1-15
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; historiography; history; medicine; mythology; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 21 February 2001@15:40:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented bibliography) on 22 February 2001@03:27:49.
William Hutton (Added to bibliography) on 24 February 2001@10:58:52.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; tweaka and cosmetics) on 13 July 2009@07:41:55.
David Whitehead (more x-refs; tweaking) on 5 December 2013@06:42:02.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 6 August 2014@10:39:57.


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