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Headword: *fau=lon
Adler number: phi,141
Translated headword: slight, paltry, cheap
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] that which is simple,[1] easy. And Euripides in Likymnios [writes]: "slight, plain, good in the greatest [respects]".[2] [He is] saying simple and without wickedness. But sometimes it is used also in reference to what is bad and random. Plato in On the Soul [writes]: "o Cebes, you are seeking an insignificant matter."[3] It might be applied also to something random. For instance, "it will be a random matter", [meaning] a trivial matter.[4] And it might be applied to something simply [sc. happening] in regard to happening thus. Plato [writes]: "it will be a matter not insignificant and requiring not a little virtue."[5] It might be applied also to what is wretched, when it is contrasted with what is good. As Plato [writes]: "slaves would never become friends with masters, nor wretched and serious [persons] living in equal honor."[6] It might be applied also to what is great. Sophocles in Captive Women [writes]: "if being small I have been victorious in small [matters]."[7] Also in reference to what is easy. In the fourth [book] of Republic "'and perhaps,' he said, 'we will give a trivial assignment to them.' 'And I [will give] an even more trivial [assignment] than this.'"[8] It is applied also to what is small and easily despised. As Demosthenes in [the speech] Against Konon [writes]: "that [I] having received no moderate and slight blows ..."[9]
[Note] that what is bad is called fau=lon by practically all the orators, applied thus both to a matter and to a man. As Demosthenes [writes] in the [speech] Against Timokrates: "and will you not punish him for attempting to harm you and to fill with slight reputation?"[10] And Isocrates [writes]: "he who has a slight judgment in his own affairs will never plan well for the affairs of others."[11] And Lysias in a letter [writes]: "saying that I do not love you, you charge me with the greatest pettiness. For if such a character and manner and soul and good will so inexcusably, and in addition the commonality of association and the fellowship of speech I do not embrace in excess, who would become more miserable than I, who am indifferent to good sense?"[12] It is applied also to that which is small and easily despised. "Receiving not slight blows." Demosthenes says [this].[13]
Greek Original:
*fau=lon: to\ a(plou=n, eu)xere/s. kai\ *eu)ripi/dhs e)n tw=| *likumni/w|: fau=lon, a)/komyon, ta\ me/gist' a)gaqo/n. a(plou=n kai\ a)po/nhron le/gwn. e)/sti d' o(/te ti/qetai kai\ e)pi\ kakou= kai\ tou= tuxo/ntos. *pla/twn e)n tw=| *peri\ yuxh=s: fau=lon pra=gma, e)/fh, *ke/bhs, zhtei=s. teqei/h d' a)\n kai\ e)pi\ tou= tuxo/ntos. oi(=on, fau=lon pra=gma e)/stai to\ tuxo\n pra=gma. kai\ e)pi\ tou= a(plw=s teqei/h a)\n pro\s to\ ou(/tw tuxo/n. *pla/twn: pra=gma d' e)/stai, w(s e)/oiken, ou) fau=lon ou)de\ mikra=s deo/menon a)reth=s. ta/ttoito d' a)\n kai\ e)pi\ tou= moxqhrou=, o(/tan a)ntidiaste/llhtai pro\s to\ spoudai=on. w(s *pla/twn: dou=loi d' a)\n despo/tais ou)de/pot' a)\n ge/nointo fi/loi, ou)d' e)n i)/sais timai=s diageno/menoi fau=loi kai\ spoudai=oi. teqei/h d' a)\n kai\ e)pi\ tou= mega/lou. *sofoklh=s *ai)xmalw/tisin: ei) mikro\s w)\n ta\ fau=la nikh/sas e)/xw. kai\ e)pi\ tou= r(a|di/ou. *politei/as teta/rtw|: kai\ fau=lo/n ge, e)/fh, i)/sws au)toi=s prosta/comen. kai\ tou/tou d' e)gw\ e)/ti faulo/teron. ta/ttetai kai\ e)pi\ tou= mikrou= kai\ eu)katafronh/tou. w(s *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *ko/nwnos: o(/ti me\n toi/nun ou) metri/as tima\s kai\ fau/las labw\n plhga/s. o(/ti *fau=lon ei)/rhtai sxedo\n u(po\ pa/ntwn tw=n r(hto/rwn to\ kako/n, e)pi/ te pra/gmatos kai\ a)ndro\s ou(/tw tatto/menon. w(s *dhmosqe/nhs e)n tw=| kata\ *timokra/tous: kai\ bla/ptein u(ma=s kai\ do/chs a)napimpla/nai fau/lhs e)pixeirou=nta au)to\n ou) timwrh/sesqe; kai\ *)isokra/ths: o( ga\r fau/lws dianohqei\s peri\ tw=n i)di/wn ou)de/pote kalw=s bouleu/setai peri\ tw=n a)llotri/wn. kai\ *lusi/as e)n e)pistolh=|: le/gwn, w(s ou) filw= se, faulo/thta/ mou megi/sthn kataginw/skeis. ei) ga\r h)=qos toiou=ton kai\ tro/pon kai\ yuxh\n kai\ eu)/noian ou(/tws a)profasi/stws, e)/ti de\ sunousi/as oi)keio/thta kai\ lo/gwn koinwni/an mh\ kaq' u(perbolh\n a)spa/zomai, ti/s ge/noit' a)\n e)mou= a)qliw/teros, o(\s a)naisqh/tws e)/xw pro\s to\ fronei=n; ta/ssetai de\ kai\ e)pi\ tou= mikrou= kai\ eu)katafronh/tou. ou) fau/las labw\n plhga/s. *dhmosqe/nhs fhsi/.
The first paragraph of this entry has parallels in Photius (phi94 Theodoridis) and other lexica; also e.g., ps.-Didymus, scholia on Plato Alcibiades 147D and Republic 423D, Diogenes Laertius 3.63-4.
cf. phi 140, phi 142, phi 143.
[1] cf. Phrynichus, Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon, Hesychius, a scholion on Thucydides 6.21.1, and a scholion on Aristophanes, Wasps 656.
[2] Euripides fr. 473 Kannicht (line 1).
[3] Plato, Phaedo 95E (where the text reads ou) fau=lon, "not insignificant"). See web address 1.
[4] If this phrase (also in other lexica) is a quotation, it is unidentifiable.
[5] Plato, Laws 11.918C (web address 2).
[6] An approximation of Plato, Laws 757A (web address 3).
[7] Sophocles fr. 41 Radt.
[8] Plato, Republic 4.423C (web address 4).
[9] Demosthenes 54.13 (which has tina\s "some" rather than the Suda's tima\s "honors"). See web address 5.
[10] Demosthenes 24.205 (web address 6). From here on, the material is paralleled in Anecdota Graeca I ed. Bekker; Wentzel attributed it to a rhetorical source.
[11] Isocrates 1.35 (web address 7).
[12] Lysias fr. 260 Sauppe (now 458 Carey OCT).
[13] Demosthenes 54.13 (web address 5), as above.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5,
Web address 6,
Web address 7
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 September 2011@22:10:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 September 2011@03:41:30.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 December 2013@04:00:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 December 2014@00:44:17.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 August 2016@21:58:33.


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