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Headword: Phaulon
Adler number: phi,141
Translated headword: slight, paltry, cheap
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] that which is simple,[1] easy. And Euripides in Likymnios [writes]: "slight, plain, good in the greatest [respects]".[2] [He is] saying simple and without wickedness. But sometimes it is used also in reference to what is bad and random. Plato in On the Soul [writes]: "o Cebes, you are seeking an insignificant matter."[3] It might be applied also to something random. For instance, "it will be a random matter", [meaning] a trivial matter.[4] And it might be applied to something simply [sc. happening] in regard to happening thus. Plato [writes]: "it will be a matter not insignificant and requiring not a little virtue."[5] It might be applied also to what is wretched, when it is contrasted with what is good. As Plato [writes]: "slaves would never become friends with masters, nor wretched and serious [persons] living in equal honor."[6] It might be applied also to what is great. Sophocles in Captive Women [writes]: "if being small I have been victorious in small [matters]."[7] Also in reference to what is easy. In the fourth [book] of Republic "'and perhaps,' he said, 'we will give a trivial assignment to them.' 'And I [will give] an even more trivial [assignment] than this.'"[8] It is applied also to what is small and easily despised. As Demosthenes in [the speech] Against Konon [writes]: "that [I] having received no moderate and slight blows ..."[9]
[Note] that what is bad is called fau=lon by practically all the orators, applied thus both to a matter and to a man. As Demosthenes [writes] in the [speech] Against Timokrates: "and will you not punish him for attempting to harm you and to fill with slight reputation?"[10] And Isocrates [writes]: "he who has a slight judgment in his own affairs will never plan well for the affairs of others."[11] And Lysias in a letter [writes]: "saying that I do not love you, you charge me with the greatest pettiness. For if such a character and manner and soul and good will so inexcusably, and in addition the commonality of association and the fellowship of speech I do not embrace in excess, who would become more miserable than I, who am indifferent to good sense?"[12] It is applied also to that which is small and easily despised. "Receiving not slight blows." Demosthenes says [this].[13]
Greek Original:
Phaulon: to haploun, eucheres. kai Euripidês en tôi Likumniôi: phaulon, akompson, ta megist' agathon. haploun kai aponêron legôn. esti d' hote tithetai kai epi kakou kai tou tuchontos. Platôn en tôi Peri psuchês: phaulon pragma, ephê, Kebês, zêteis. tetheiê d' an kai epi tou tuchontos. hoion, phaulon pragma estai to tuchon pragma. kai epi tou haplôs tetheiê an pros to houtô tuchon. Platôn: pragma d' estai, hôs eoiken, ou phaulon oude mikras deomenon aretês. tattoito d' an kai epi tou mochthêrou, hotan antidiastellêtai pros to spoudaion. hôs Platôn: douloi d' an despotais oudepot' an genointo philoi, oud' en isais timais diagenomenoi phauloi kai spoudaioi. tetheiê d' an kai epi tou megalou. Sophoklês Aichmalôtisin: ei mikros ôn ta phaula nikêsas echô. kai epi tou rhaidiou. Politeias tetartôi: kai phaulon ge, ephê, isôs autois prostaxomen. kai toutou d' egô eti phauloteron. tattetai kai epi tou mikrou kai eukataphronêtou. hôs Dêmosthenês en tôi kata Konônos: hoti men toinun ou metrias timas kai phaulas labôn plêgas. hoti Phaulon eirêtai schedon hupo pantôn tôn rhêtorôn to kakon, epi te pragmatos kai andros houtô tattomenon. hôs Dêmosthenês en tôi kata Timokratous: kai blaptein humas kai doxês anapimplanai phaulês epicheirounta auton ou timôrêsesthe; kai Isokratês: ho gar phaulôs dianoêtheis peri tôn idiôn oudepote kalôs bouleusetai peri tôn allotriôn. kai Lusias en epistolêi: legôn, hôs ou philô se, phaulotêta mou megistên kataginôskeis. ei gar êthos toiouton kai tropon kai psuchên kai eunoian houtôs aprophasistôs, eti de sunousias oikeiotêta kai logôn koinônian mê kath' huperbolên aspazomai, tis genoit' an emou athliôteros, hos anaisthêtôs echô pros to phronein; tassetai de kai epi tou mikrou kai eukataphronêtou. ou phaulas labôn plêgas. Dêmosthenês phêsi.
Notes:
The first paragraph of this entry has parallels in Photius (phi94 Theodoridis) and other lexica; also e.g., ps.-Didymus, scholia on Plato Alcibiades 147D and Republic 423D, Diogenes Laertius 3.63-4.
cf. phi 140, phi 142, phi 143.
[1] cf. Phrynichus, Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon, Hesychius, a scholion on Thucydides 6.21.1, and a scholion on Aristophanes, Wasps 656.
[2] Euripides fr. 473 Kannicht (line 1).
[3] Plato, Phaedo 95E (where the text reads ou) fau=lon, "not insignificant"). See web address 1.
[4] If this phrase (also in other lexica) is a quotation, it is unidentifiable.
[5] Plato, Laws 11.918C (web address 2).
[6] An approximation of Plato, Laws 757A (web address 3).
[7] Sophocles fr. 41 Radt.
[8] Plato, Republic 4.423C (web address 4).
[9] Demosthenes 54.13 (which has tina\s "some" rather than the Suda's tima\s "honors"). See web address 5.
[10] Demosthenes 24.205 (web address 6). From here on, the material is paralleled in Anecdota Graeca I ed. Bekker; Wentzel attributed it to a rhetorical source.
[11] Isocrates 1.35 (web address 7).
[12] Lysias fr. 260 Sauppe (now 458 Carey OCT).
[13] Demosthenes 54.13 (web address 5), as above.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4,
Web address 5,
Web address 6,
Web address 7
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 September 2011@22:10:39.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 September 2011@03:41:30.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 December 2013@04:00:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 27 December 2014@00:44:17.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 August 2016@21:58:33.

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