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Headword: Οὐαλεντινιανός
Adler number: omicron,762
Translated headword: Valentinian
Vetting Status: high
A Roman emperor;[1] a Christian and a believer in consubstantiality,[2] he [sc. nevertheless] did no injustice to his opponents. He also became very ready to pass legislation, giving thought also to the just reception of treasures; in addition he was precise with the selection of his commanders and inexorable with punishments of those who were disobedient -- also the noblest man in the wars. But Valens,[3] adhering to the view of Arius,[4] used to submit many people to exile. It was during this time that Liberius was head of the church in Rome,[5] Athanasius of the one in Alexandria,[6] and Eudoxios, the instructor of Arius' cult, of the one in Constantinople.[7]
Search [under the entry] 'Sallustius'.[8]
Greek Original:
Οὐαλεντινιανός, Ῥωμαίων βασιλεύς, Χριστιανὸς καὶ τὰ τοῦ ὁμοουσίου φρονῶν οὐδὲν τοὺς ἐναντίους ἠδίκει. ἐγένετο δὲ καὶ πρὸς τὸ νομοθετεῖν ἑτοιμότατος, φροντίζων καὶ τῆς τῶν θησαυρῶν δικαίας ὑποδοχῆς, πρὸς δὲ ταῖς τῶν ἀρχόντων αἱρέσεσιν ἀκριβὴς καὶ τιμωρίαις τῶν ἀπειθούντων ἀπαραίτητος ἐπί τε τοῖς πολέμοις ἄριστος. ὁ δὲ Οὐάλης τῆς Ἀρείου δόξης μεταποιούμενος πολλοὺς ἐξορίαις ὑπέβαλλε: καθ' ὃν χρόνον τῆς ἐν Ῥώμῃ ἐκκλησίας Λιβέριος προειστήκει, τῆς δὲ ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ Ἀθανάσιος καὶ τῆς ἐν Κωνσταντινουπόλει Εὐδόξιος, τῆς Ἀρείου θρησκείας διδάσκαλος. ζήτει ἐν τῷ Σαλούστιος.
[1] Valentinian I -- for his son and successor Valentinian II, see omicron 763 -- was chosen emperor by an assembly of civilian and military officials in 364 and reigned until his death in 375. He is said to have allowed religious freedom, although he prohibited some pagan practices, such as nocturnal sacrificial practices and magic. See De imperatoribus Romanis entry at web address 1 (Walter E. Roberts); Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 2. The present entry is John of Antioch fr.182 FHG (4.607), now 274 Roberto.
[2] The main concern at the beginning of the entry is to emphasize Valentinian's tolerance of different religious views. This claim regarding consubstantiality refers to the relationship among the Divine persons of the Christian Trinity (God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit, who are 'identical in being or substance'). See also e.g. alpha 3397, beta 150, gamma 450.
[3] Valens, Valentinian's brother, became emperor along with Valentinian. On Valens and his atrocities see omicron 764.
[4] A Christian priest who maintained a dispute with Alexander of Alexandria with regard to the nature of Jesus. See generally alpha 3834, alpha 3835. According to Arius, Jesus, even being the Son of God, was not consubstantial with God (his Father). The details of the controversy are reported by Socrates of Constantinople, a Church historian: see his Ecclesiastical History 1.5 (On rivalry of Arius against the superintendent Alexander).
[5] Pope/Saint Liberius, in office 352-366.
[6] Athanasius the Great, a.k.a. Pope Athanasius I of Alexandria, a Christian theologian and bishop of Alexandria (one of the great four Doctors of the Catholic Church). Oddly, he does not have a biographical entry in the Suda, but see Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 3.
[7] Bishop of Antioch; see epsilon 3428.
[8] sigma 64.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 16 July 2009@17:47:37.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, link) on 16 July 2009@18:48:32.
Catharine Roth (abridged note 2) on 16 July 2009@19:47:16.
David Whitehead (modifications to tr; augmented and modified notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 17 July 2009@05:30:04.
Catharine Roth (deleted duplicate link) on 20 July 2009@00:37:10.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 30 July 2013@08:56:37.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@11:33:48.


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