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Headword: Ὀρχάδες
Adler number: omicron,665
Translated headword: Orchades, Orkades, Orkneys
Vetting Status: high
[The names of certain] islands near Ocean.
Greek Original:
Ὀρχάδες: νῆσοι περὶ τὸν Ὠκεανόν.
Known to (e.g.) Pliny, Natural History 4.103 (web address 1). The name derives from Celtic orci, piglets.
cf. Eutropius, Breviarium 7.13, where it is asserted that Claudius absorbed the Orchades/Orkades into the Roman Empire. (If this outlandish claim goes back to Claudius himself, it has been suggested that Tacitus, Agricola 10.4 [web address 2] is a riposte to it; cf. also Juvenal, Satires 2.160-1 [web address 3].)
For 'Ocean' cf. omega 43, omega 44.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 16 April 2003@09:27:24.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 17 April 2003@00:14:28.
David Whitehead (x-refs) on 8 June 2004@07:02:53.
David Whitehead on 28 July 2011@08:08:02.
David Whitehead on 23 July 2013@05:41:43.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 23 July 2013@23:23:42.
David Whitehead on 27 July 2013@09:12:16.
Catharine Roth (added links) on 27 July 2013@22:32:50.
Catharine Roth (another link) on 28 July 2013@11:41:20.
David Whitehead (another headword; more keywords; cosmetics) on 28 July 2013@12:21:34.


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