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Headword: Ὀργεῶνες
Adler number: omicron,511
Translated headword: orgeones
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] those who 'orgize' to privately established gods. To 'orgize' is to perform the 'orgia' of the gods, that is, mysteries[1] and usages. [Book] 4 of Laws [says]: "No internal acquisition of shrines in private houses. He that is shown to have acquired additional ones and to be "orgizing", other than the public [cults]."[2] Seleukos in his Memorandum of Solon's Axones[3] says that those holding gatherings about certain heroes or gods are called orgeones. Then, by transference, they call the priests by this name too. At any rate Antimachos in Lyde [writes]: "by descent Kabarnians, he made them renowned orgeones".[4] Similarly Aeschylus in Mysians, addressing the priest of Kaikos: "Hail, first orgeon of the river Kaikos, may you save the masters with Paionian prayers".[5] About the orgeones Philochoros, too, has written:[6] "compulsory for the phratores to accept both the orgeones and the homogalaktes, whom we call gennetai".[7]
Greek Original:
Ὀργεῶνες: οἱ τοῖς ἰδίᾳ ἀφιδρυμένοις θεοῖς ὀργιάζοντες. ὀργιάζειν δέ ἐστι τὰ τῶν θεῶν ὄργια τελεῖν, τουτέστι μυστήρια καὶ νόμιμα. Νόμων δ#: μὴ κεκτῆσθαι ἔσω ἐν ἰδίαις οἰκίαις ἱερά. τὸν δὲ φανέντα κεκτημένον ἕτερα καὶ ὀργιάζοντα πλὴν τὰ δημόσια. Σέλευκος δ' ἐν τῷ ὑπομνήματι τῶν Σόλωνος Ἀξόνων ὀργεῶνάς φησι καλεῖσθαι τοὺς συλλόγους ἔχοντας περί τινας ἥρωας ἢ θεούς. ἤδη δὲ μεταφέροντες καὶ τοὺς ἱερέας οὕτω καλοῦσιν. ὁ γοῦν Ἀντίμαχος ἐν τῇ Λύδῃ: γενεᾷ Καβάρνους θῆκεν ἀβακλέας ὀργεῶνας. καὶ οἷον ὁ Αἰσχύλος ἐν Μυσοῖς, τὸν ἱερέα τοῦ Καί̈κου προσαγορεύων: ποταμοῦ Καί̈κου χαῖρε πρῶτος ὀργεών, εὐχαῖς δὲ σώσοις δεσπότας παιωνίαις. περὶ δὲ τῶν ὀργεώνων γέγραφε καὶ Φιλόχορος: τοὺς δὲ φράτορας ἐπάναγκες δέχεσθαι καὶ τοὺς ὀργεῶνας καὶ τοὺς ὁμογάλακτας, οὓς γεννήτας καλοῦμεν.
See also omicron 509, omicron 510, omicron 512. The present entry is also in Photius (Lexicon omicron439 Theodoridis, with other references there).
[1] cf. omicron 515.
[2] Actually Book 10, section 910B, of Plato's Laws. Possibly delta here stands for δεκάτωι , 'tenth' (so Ruhnken), rather than for numeric '4'.
[3] FGrH 341 F1. (For Seleukos see generally sigma 200.)
[4] Antimachus [alpha 2681] fr.67 Wyss (and West), line 1. Elsewhere this is quoted with ἔνθα instead of γενέᾳ and οργειῶνας instead of οργεῶνας , making a hexameter.
[5] Aeschylus fr. 413a (144 Radt), lines 6-7.
[6] FGrH 328 F35a.
[7] These obscure kinship (or fictive kinship) groups of classical Athens are discussed by Andrewes 1961 and Lambert 1998; cf. gamma 147.
Andrewes, A. (1961), 'Philochoros on phratries', Journal of Hellenic Studies, 81: 1-15
P. Foucart, Les Associations religieuses chez les Grecs, Paris 1873
M. Guarducci, Orgeones e tiasoti, Rivista di Filologia e di Istruzione classica 13 (1935) 332-340
W.S. Ferguson, The Attic Orgeones, "Harvard Theological Review" 37 (1944) 73-79
N.I. Pantazopoulos, Orgeones. Paratereseis eis ta neotera epigraphica euremata kai tas pegas katholou tou Attikou somateiakou dikaiou, Polemon 3 (1948) 97-128
S.D. Lambert, The Phratries of Attica, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1993
Y. Ustinova, Orgeones in Phratries: a mechanism of social integration in Attica, Kernos 9 (1996) 227-242
R.C.T. Parker, s.v. Orgeones in Oxford Classical Dictionary, Eds. S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (New York 1996), 1074
N.F. Jones, The Associations of Classical Athens: The Response to Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; law; poetry; religion; tragedy
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 26 October 2002@13:33:30.
Vetted by:
D. Graham J. Shipley (Italics) on 26 October 2002@13:34:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; added keywords; cosmetics) on 27 October 2002@04:24:25.
Antonella Ippolito (added bibliography) on 12 April 2005@18:05:31.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 July 2013@06:32:00.
David Whitehead on 7 July 2013@06:42:18.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 4 September 2013@06:04:28.
David Whitehead (coding) on 20 May 2016@03:42:33.


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