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Headword: *)optw=ntes
Adler number: omicron,489
Translated headword: broiling, frying
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning they] boiling.[1]
Also [sc. attested is] o)ptw/mena ["broiled things"]. So o)ptw=ntes ["they broiling"] [comes] from being occupied and dealing with the broiling of meat. But e(yw=ntes, from which also [comes the adjective] e(fqo/n ["[something] boiled"], and e(/yontes [means] the same,[2] but yw=ntes [means] they wiping.[3] There is also [a verb] ya/w, yw=, [meaning] I rub down, and from it comes yh/xw ["I rub"] and yh=ktron ["curry-comb"].[4]
Greek Original:
*)optw=ntes: e(/yontes. kai\ o)ptw/mena. o)ptw=ntes ou)=n e)k tou= a)sxolei=sqai kai\ perie/pein th\n tw=n krew=n o)/pthsin. e(yw=ntes de/, e)c ou(= kai\ e(fqo/n. kai\ e(/yontes de\ tau)to/, yw=ntes de\ spoggi/zontes. e)/sti kai\ ya/w, yw=, to\ yhktri/zw. kai\ e)c au)tou= gi/netai yh/xw kai\ yh=ktron.
The headword is the present participle of the verb o)pta/w (on which see further, next note), masculine nominative plural. It must be quoted from somewhere (e.g. Xenophon, Anabasis 5.4.29, which uses both this and the glossing participle).
[1] (Adler reports a similar entry in the Ambrosian Lexicon.) The verb o)pta/w normally involves dry heat, while e(/yw refers to cooking with moist heat. Homeric heroes eat only broiled meat. See also omicron 486.
[2] Herodian says e(/yw is Attic; e(ye/w is doubtful, according to LSJ s.v., and e(ya/w is late.
[3] cf. alpha 3112.
[4] cf. psi 66.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; food; historiography
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 10 February 2010@01:55:18.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added primary note and more keywords; tweaks) on 10 February 2010@03:16:36.
Catharine Roth (expanded notes) on 11 February 2010@01:36:24.
David Whitehead on 7 July 2013@05:02:21.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 18 April 2015@23:55:53.


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