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Headword: *)wrei=on
Adler number: omega,177
Translated headword: Oreion, Horreum
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] a granary.[1]
In the so-called Oreion,[2] which is [also known as] the Modion,[3] there now stand pillars in front of the house of Krateros, [4] which is now [sc. in the vicinity] of the [M]yrelaion,[5] [and also] a bronze measure stands [there].
About this, see also in the [entry on] Manaim.[6]
Greek Original:
*)wrei=on: to\ tamiei=on. o(/ti e)n tw=| kaloume/nw| *)wrei/w|, o(/ e)sti mo/dios, e)/nqa nu=n i(/stantai ki/ones pro\ tou= oi)/kou tou= *kraterou=, o(\s nu=n e)sti tou= murelai/ou, i(/stato mo/dios xalkou=s. kai\ zh/tei peri\ tou/tou e)n tw=| *manai/+m.
cf. mu 131 (Manaim), mu 1184 (Modios), and mu 1185 (Modion).
After the primary gloss, this entry is abbreviated from one of the more difficult and confused passages in the *parasta/seis su/ntomoi xronikai/ (Preger, p. 27) and *pa/tria *kwnstantinoupo/lews (Preger, p. 202); see Cameron 1984, 186-89; Berger 1988, 337-46. In addition to confusion about the nature of the Modion (mu 1185), sources disagree on its location. *parasta/seis 12 (in ms P) gives no location; *pa/tria II. 51 (Preger, p. 179) and 97 (p. 202) place the Modion near the Amastrianon to the south of the Mese. The Book of Ceremonies (De Caer., I, pp. 83, 106 Bonn), however, places the Modion between the Philadelphion and Forum Tauri in the vicinity of the *xalkou=n *tetra/pulon to the north of the Mese (see Janin 1954, 101). Excavations at the latter uncovered stone hands on two large, bronze columns erected by Valentinian III (425-455) -- perhaps replicas of the original bronze hands -- in this location (Jenin 1964, 66)). It is possible that several such monuments appeared in the area.
Textual notes: tamiei=on aliter Ambr. 190 cf. H; l. = Lex. de sp. o(/ti sq. cf. Preger p. 27, 9-12 et p. 202, 17-20; Anon. Treu p. 9, 26. Ms F omits o(/ti and following; ms S omits the cross-reference to mu 131; murelai/ou S: murele/ou GM: mure/you A, where the place-name has clearly been replaced by a more familiar noun (lit. 'preparer of unguents').
[1] The association of this building with grain guarantees that here to\ tamiei=on refers to a granary (i.e. horreum), not a treasury; cf. e.g. Thucydides 7.24.
[2] i.e. Horreum; for w)rei=on and w)rei/w| (cf. w)rei/w| Preger) we should read w(/reion or w(/rion. For w(/reion, see Geoponica 2.28; Theophanes, Chron., p. 384 (1980).
[3] The Modion was a monument associated with the official standard measure, the archimodion, established by Valentinian III (Schilbach 1970, 58ff.). The site featured a pair of bronze hands affixed to spikes, a warning of the penalty for cheating merchants -- the amputation of their right hand. See Janin 1964, pp. 66, 69, 104.
[4] It is important to remember that references to 'now' (nu=n) in the Suda do not necessarily refer to the time of its compilation, nor does each 'now' in an entry refer to the same time. Here, for example, the first nu=n occurs in a passage copied from the *pa/tria, while the second (referring to the Myrelaion) appears to be an original comment by the later author of the lemma.
[5] The Myrelaion was a monastery at the present site of Bodrum Camii. It was completely rebuilt by Emperor Romanus I Lecapenus (919-944). A not-insignificant structure, excavations in 1930 revealed a 30 x 29m building (D. Talbot Rice, 'Excavations at Bodrum Camii', Byzantion 8 (1933: 170-74). See Janin 1964, 39, 134, 213, 394-95.
[6] mu 131.
Berger, A. Untersuchungen zu den Patria Konstantinupoleos (Bonn, 1988)
Cameron, A. and J. Herrin. Constantinople in the early eighth century: the Parastaseis syntomoi chronikai. Leiden: Brill, 1984
Guilland, R. Etudes de topographie de Constantinople byzantine (Berlin, 1969)
Janin, R. Constantinople byzantine: dévelopment urbain et répertoire topographique (Paris, 1964)
Preger, Th. Scriptores Originum Constantinopolitanarum (New York, 1975)
Schilbach, E. Byzantinische Metrologie (Munich, 1970)
Striker, C. The Myrelaion (Bodrum Camii) in Istanbul (Princeton, 1981)
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; art history; botany; Christianity; comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Bret Mulligan on 10 October 2005@23:19:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added alternative headword and more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 October 2005@07:03:00.
Catharine Roth (added another keyword) on 11 October 2005@11:27:43.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics; raised status) on 1 November 2013@06:18:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 October 2014@21:12:02.
Catharine Roth (deleted link) on 3 November 2014@09:27:11.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 20 May 2016@08:48:02.


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