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Headword: *nwqrei/a
Adler number: nu,536
Translated headword: torpor, sluggishness, sloth, indolence
Vetting Status: high
Also [sc. attested is the related adjective] nôthros ["torpid/sluggish/slothful/indolent"], [meaning] he who is weak/feeble.[1]
"Being by his nature more torpid/sluggish/slothful/indolent than his royal dignity [sc. required]."[2]
Greek Original:
*nwqrei/a. kai\ *nwqro/s, o( a)sqenh/s. nwqro/teros u(pa/rxwn tou= th=s basilei/as prosxh/matos th=| fu/sei.
The unglossed primary headword is a feminine noun in the nominative (and vocative) singular; see LSJ s.v.; ps.-Herodian, Partitiones 93.g; and cf. generally nu 533, nu 534, nu 535, and nu 537. Adler also cites the unpublished Ambrosian Lexicon (419).
[1] For this secondary lemma see LSJ s.v. nwqro/s, -a/, -o/n. Its gloss is a two-ending adjective in the masculine (and feminine) nominative singular; LSJ s.v. a)sqenh/s, -e/s. Identical glossing in Photius' Lexicon (nu308 Theodoridis) and the Synagoge; cf. Hesychius s.v. gloio/s. Adler also cites Boysen's Lexicon Seguerianum.
[2] As Adler notes, this quotation was attributed to Polybius by 'Wesseling' [= the Westphalian scholar Peter Wesseling (1692-1764)]. Indeed, Polybius 30.18.2 (web address 1) attaches a similar description to the servile behavior of Pr(o)usias II (king [182-149] of Bithynia, in northwest Asia Minor, present-day Turkey; Barrington Atlas map 52 grids E4-G3) when he appeared (167-6) before the Roman senate; cf. pi 2913 and pi 2914; OCD(4) s.v. Prusias(2); and Walbank, p. 441. A positive identification of the fragment, however, remains elusive.
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1979
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; politics
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 9 October 2009@00:42:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.2; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 October 2009@03:26:46.
David Whitehead on 17 June 2013@08:44:55.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:54:52.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 19 May 2016@06:14:36.


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