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Headword: *nhri/ths
Adler number: nu,336
Translated headword: nereites, nerites, sea-snail
Vetting Status: high
A maritime snail.[1]
[sc. The word is formed] out of the [verb] ne/w, [contracted form] nw=, [future] nh/sw, the [verb meaning] I swim,[2] [which gives rise to nhro/s ["fresh"], a fish.[3] And 'a nêros corner' in Lycophron [is] hollow, or completely wet.[4] And that is the derivation of nêritês. For if it were formed out of the [name] Nereus, as some claim, the penult of nêritês would be a diphthong.[5]
Greek Original:
*nhri/ths: qala/ssios ko/xlos. e)k tou= ne/w, nw=, nh/sw, to\ kolumbw=, nhro/s, i)xqu/s. kai\ nhro\s muxo\s para\ *luko/froni o( koi=los, h)\ ka/qugros. kai\ e)k toiau/ths paragwgh=s o( nhri/ths. ei) ga\r h)=n kata/ tinas e)k tou= *nhreu/s, dia\ difqo/ggou a)\n ei)=xe th\n paralh/gousan o( nhri/ths.
[1] From the scholia to Lycophron, Alexandra 238.
[2] cf. nu 103, nu 226, nu 338.
[3] As also noted in nu 334, the Suda may well be alluding to the vernacular meaning of nhro/s, "water". The mention of "fish" is irrelevant, unless the lexicographer is instead deriving nhro/s as "a swimmer", i.e. a species of marine life.
[4] A misreading of Lycophron, Alexandra 896, which has e)n xqono\s neiroi=s muxoi=s "in the lowest corners of the ground". LSJ notes this as a false reading under nhro/s II.2.
[5] That is, a derivation from *nhreu/s would result in the spelling nhrei/ths. As it turns out, both spellings are listed in LSJ. The TLG has nhrei/ths in the Aristotelian corpus, and nhri/ths in subsequent texts, starting with Lycophron. Frisk's Etymological Dictionary does not rule out a connection with Nereus (nu 328), and thinks a connection with nhro/n implausible.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; mythology; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 6 October 2009@03:24:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 October 2009@06:38:24.
David Whitehead on 9 June 2013@05:50:43.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@04:52:48.


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