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Headword: Μέτων
Adler number: mu,801
Translated headword: Meton
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The mathematician [of that name]. Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "Meton's year".[1]
This Meton[2] became the best doctor and astronomer. His is the so-called "year of Meton". Kallistratos says that there is an astronomical device of his set up in Kolonos, though Euphronios [says] that Kolonos was his deme. Before Pythodoros[3] there was a sundial in what is now the [sc. place of] assembly, next to the wall on the Pnyx. Alternatively because he constructed a fountain in Kolonos. Phrynichus in Recluse says: "Who is it who is thinking after these? -- Meton of L[e]ukonoion. -- I know, the fountain-maker".[4] Or perhaps because he contrived a fountain in Kolonos, or prepared a statue or astronomical offering.
Greek Original:
Μέτων: ὁ μαθηματικός. καὶ Μέτωνος ἐνιαυτός. οὗτος ὁ Μέτων ἄριστος ἐγένετο ἰατρὸς καὶ ἀστρονόμος. τούτου ἐστὶν ὁ λεγόμενος Μέτωνος ἐνιαυτός. Καλλίστρατος δέ φησιν εἶναι αὐτοῦ ἐν Κολωνῷ ἀνάθημά τι ἀστρονομικόν, Εὐφρόνιος δέ, ὅτι τῶν δήμων ἦν ἐκ Κολωνοῦ. πρὸ Πυθοδώρου δὲ ἡλιοτρόπιον ἦν ἐν τῇ νῦν οὔσῃ ἐκκλησίᾳ πρὸς τῷ τείχει τῷ ἐν Πνυκί. ἢ ὅτι ἐν Κολωνῷ κρήνην τινὰ κατ- εσκευάσατο: φησὶν ὁ Φρύνιχος Μονοτρόπῳ: τίς δ' ἐστὶν ὁ μετὰ ταῦτα φροντίζων; Μέτων ὁ Λυκονοιεύς. οἶδα, ὁ τὰς κρήνας ἄγων. ἢ ἴσως, ὅτι ἐν τῷ Κολονῷ κρήνην τινὰ κατεμηχανήσατο, ἢ ἄγαλμα ἢ ἀνάθημα ἀστρονομικὸν κατεσκευάσατο.
Notes:
[1] His 19-year cycle. See epsilon 1331.
[2] Material from the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 997, where Meton appears and gives his name. Sense can be made out of their confusing information (and disinformation) about Meton -- most of it directed towards explaining why Kolonos is mentioned in line 998 -- by consulting the bibliography listed below. See also next note.
[3] This phrase unintelligibly abridges one in Philochorus FGrH F122: "under [sc. the archon] Apseudes, the one before Pythodoros", i.e. 433/2.
[4] Phrynichus fr. 21 Kock, now 22 K.-A.
References:
Aristophanes, Birds, edited with introduction and commentary by Nan Dunbar (Oxford 1995) 550-1 and 554-5
OCD4 s.v. 'astronomical instruments' and s.v. 'Meton'.
Phillip Harding, The Story of Athens: the fragments of the local chronicles of Attika (2008) 119-120
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; chronology; comedy; geography; historiography; mathematics; medicine; science and technology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 July 2001@08:07:26.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth on 22 November 2002@14:53:17.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 29 September 2005@02:13:39.
David Whitehead (a further keyword) on 29 September 2005@03:13:55.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword; another item of bibliography) on 22 July 2012@04:19:59.
David Whitehead on 20 May 2013@05:27:19.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:39:10.
David Whitehead on 27 December 2014@08:30:49.

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