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Headword: *ma/rkos
Adler number: mu,215
Translated headword: Marcus, Marcus Aurelius
Vetting Status: high
[Marcus,] emperor of [the] Romans. It is easier to be astonished at him in silence than to praise him since no word could equal the man’s virtues—for already in his youth he displayed a calm and stable life, and his expression was never seen to be affected either by fear or by pleasure.[1] And of the philosophers he praised the Stoics[2] and was in fact an imitator of these men, not only in his practice of their mode of living but also in his comprehension of their teachings. At any rate in his youth he shone out so very much that Hadrian[3] often wanted to assign a share of the imperial power to him. But, when he [Hadrian] had made Pius[4] his first heir according to custom, he took care that this man would succeed him and determined that through intermarriage he [Marcus] be united with Pius so that he would come into hegemony through the hereditary succession. And at any rate he lived the private life in equality with the mass of Romans, nor was he at all changed by his adoption into that family. And, when he came into hegemony, ruled as a monarch, and enjoyed the lofty power, he was never driven to any vainglory but was free and liberal in his good deeds and good and moderate in his management of the nations.
Greek Original:
*ma/rkos, basileu\s *(rwmai/wn: o(\n e)kplh/ttesqai e)n siwph=| ma=llon h)\ e)painei=n r(a/|dion, ou)deno\s lo/gou tai=s tou= a)ndro\s a)retai=s e)cisoume/nou. e)k prw/ths ga\r h)/dh th=s h(liki/as eu)staqh= te kai\ h(su/xion bi/on u(posthsa/menos ou)/te kata\ de/os ou)/te kaq' h(donh\n trapei\s to\ pro/swpon w)/fqh pw/pote. e)painei= de\ tw=n filoso/fwn tou\s a)po\ th=s *stoa=s kai\ h)=n a)/ra e)kei/nwn mimhth\s ou) mo/non kata\ th\n tw=n diaithma/twn e)pith/deusin, a)lla\ kai\ kata\ th\n tw=n maqhma/twn su/llhyin. ou(/tw gou=n e)k ne/as komidh= th=s h(liki/as e)ce/lampen, w(s polla/kis to\n *)adriano\n e)pi\ tou=ton e)qelh=sai to\n th=s basilei/as a)gagei=n klh=ron. e)pei\ de\ e)/fqase to\n *eu)sebh= pro/teron kata\ no/mon poihsa/menos, e)kei/nw| me\n th\n e(autou= diadoxh\n e)fu/lace, tou=ton de\ sunoikei=n e)/gnw dia\ th=s e)pigami/as tw=| *eu)sebei=, w(s a)\n kata\ th\n tou= ge/nous diadoxh\n e)s th\n h(gemoni/an pare/lqoi. to/n te gou=n i)diw/thn bi/on e)n i)shgori/a| toi=s polloi=s *(rwmai/ois e)bi/w, ou)de\n th=| e)spoih/sei tou= ge/nous a)lloiwqei/s. kai\ e)pei\ parh=lqen e)s th\n h(gemoni/an, kata\ monarxi/an e)chgou/menos kai\ th\n a)/kran dunastei/an karpou/menos pro\s ou)demi/an a)lazonei/an u(ph/xqh pw/pote, a)ll' h)=n e)leu/qeros me\n kai\ dayilh\s e)n toi=s eu)ergeth/masin, a)gaqo\s de\ kai\ me/trios e)n tai=s tw=n e)qnw=n dioikh/sesi.
For Marcus Aurelius (161-180 CE), the last of the five so-called "good" emperors, see also mu 214 and mu 216; Herbert Benario's DIR entry (web address 1); A.R. Birley and R.B. Rutherford in OCD(4) s.v. Aurelius, Marcus. The present entry = John of Antioch fr.116 FHG (4.582), now 199 Roberto.
[1] cf. upsilon 592.
[2] Stoics: see generally sigma 1150.
[3] Reigned 117-138 (alpha 527).
[4] Antoninius Pius, reigned 138-161; see under mu 216.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; philosophy; politics; women
Translated by: Abram Ring on 26 May 2004@13:51:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 27 May 2004@04:32:42.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 7 May 2013@04:41:38.
David Whitehead on 7 May 2013@04:42:20.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@07:22:28.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 28 November 2014@14:45:23.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 28 November 2014@23:57:49.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@10:56:32.


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