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Headword: Μαραθών
Adler number: mu,177
Translated headword: Marathon
Vetting Status: high
A place in Athens;[1] [named] from Marathos, a son of Apollo.
Callimachus calls this [place] moist, that is, watery.[2] Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "Marathonian task".[3]
Also [sc. attested is] "Marathon-fighters, stout-hearted".[4] Look, concerning [sc. the battle of] Marathon, under "διεξιφίσω ".[5]
Greek Original:
Μαραθών: τόπος Ἀθήνησιν: ἀπὸ Μαράθου, υἱοῦ Ἀπόλλωνος. τοῦτον Καλλίμαχος ἐννότιον λέγει, τουτέστιν ἔνυδρον. καὶ Μαραθώνιον ἔργον. καὶ Μαραθωνομάχαι, σφενδάμνινοι. ζήτει περὶ Μαραθῶνος ἐν τῷ διεξιφίσω.
[1] In NE Attica, in fact, near present-day Vrana. For Marathon as an Attic deme (of the tribe Aiantis) see J.S. Traill, The Political Organization of Attica (Princeton 1975) 53; D. Whitehead, The Demes of Attica (Princeton 1986) index s.v.
[2] Callimachus, Hecale fr. 260 Pfeiffer.
[3] Apparently a proverbial or quasi-proverbial phrase: see e.g. Plutarch, Flamininus 11.6.
[4] Aristophanes, Acharnians 181 (web address 1); from alpha 4343.
[5] delta 929.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; history; military affairs; mythology; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: David Whitehead on 1 October 2000@08:59:42.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, keyword, status) on 29 November 2003@17:05:07.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 30 November 2003@04:23:57.
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; more keywords; tweaks) on 22 April 2008@04:53:21.
David Whitehead on 3 May 2013@06:59:57.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 3 May 2013@20:57:23.
David Whitehead on 17 May 2016@07:14:30.
David Whitehead (coding) on 8 July 2016@11:20:43.


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