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Headword: *moxqhri/a
Adler number: mu,1309
Translated headword: wickedness, depravity, nastiness
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] badness.[1] As Lycurgus[2] in the [speech] Against Lycophron [writes] : "for [it is] unholy to let go unpunished a man who is transgressing the written laws, through which the democracy is preserved, and who was a promulgator and legislator of other wicked customs."[3]
Greek Original:
*moxqhri/a: h( kaki/a. w(s *lukou=rgos e)n tw=| kata\ *luko/fronos: ou) ga\r o(/sion tou\s gegramme/nous no/mous, di' w(=n h( dhmokrati/a sw/|zetai, parabai/nonta, e(te/rwn de\ moxqhrw=n e)chghth\n e)qw=n kai\ nomoqe/thn geno/menon a)timw/rhton a)fei=nai.
For the headword see already mu 1308; and for the the headword with this gloss cf. again under mu 1310. It is a feminine abstract noun in the nominative (and vocative) singular; cf. other cognates at mu 1307 and mu 1311. In the quotation which follows, the adjectival form, moxqhro/s, -a, -on, appears in the genitive plural.
As Adler notes, Wentzel attributed this material to an early rhetorical lexicon used by the Suda's compilers (Adler, p. xvii; Wentzel, pp. 477-487). It is apparently the source of Bekker's Fifth Lexicon, the Lexeis Rhetorikai (Bekker, pp. 195-318).
[1] So too Etymologicum Magnum 592.3.
[2] Lycurgus (ca. 390-324 BCE; Develin, person no. 1832) was an Athenian politician; OCD(4) s.v. Lycurgus(3) and lambda 825. He initiated impeachment (ei)saggeli/a: cf. epsiloniota 220 and epsiloniota 221) proceedings in the Assembly, and--together with another Athenian citizen, a certain Ariston--later prosecuted Lycophron (n. 3) on a charge of treason, manifested--the prosecution had to prove--in seduction. The trial probably took place in 333 BCE (Whitehead, p. 81).
[3] Lycurgus fr. 63 Conomis. To the defense of Lycophron (Develin, person no. 1828) arose the renowned orator and politician Hyperides (389-322 BCE; Develin, person no. 1437; OCD(4) s.v., upsilon 294, and upsilon 295). The defendant, a wealthy Athenian horsebreeder, had for three years been stationed as hipparch on the island of Lemnos (northeast Aegean Sea; see generally lambda 448 and cross-references there) at the time of his indictment; cf. Hyperides, In Defense of Lycophron 16-17 (web address 1). The verdict in the case is unknown (Whitehead, pp. 82-3).
A. Adler, ed., Suidae Lexicon, vol. I, Stuttgart: B.G. Teubner, 1971
G. Wentzel, Beiträge zur Geschichte der griechischen Lexikographen; Sitzungsberichte der königlich preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, Berlin: Akademie-Verlag, 1895. Reprinted in K. Latte and H. Erbse, eds., Lexica Graeca Minora, Hildesheim: Georg Olms Verlag, 1992, pp. 1-11
I. Bekker, ed., Anecdota Graeca, vol. I, Graz, Austria: Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1965
R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989
D. Whitehead, Hypereides: The Forensic Speeches, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; history; law; politics; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 9 September 2008@00:25:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified tr and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 9 September 2008@03:39:50.
David Whitehead on 28 May 2013@03:48:13.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@09:12:34.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 18 May 2016@10:28:37.
Catharine Roth (simplified links) on 20 September 2020@22:36:56.


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