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Headword: *lu/ph
Adler number: lambda,843
Translated headword: pain, distress, vexation
Vetting Status: high
And the plural [is] ai( lu=pai.
[Pain is] an irrational contraction of the soul.[1] Hence the excellent person must not feel pain.[2] And the types of it [are] spite, envy, jealousy, worry, annoyance, foolishness, anguish, confusion.[3]
"Why does this vex me if I, nominally dead, am in fact alive, and I am going to get fame with it? It seems to me that no word accompanied by advantage is bad."[4]
Greek Original:
*lu/ph: kai\ to\ plhquntiko\n ai( lu=pai. sustolh\ a)/logos yuxh=s. dio\ ou) luphqh/sesqai to\n spoudai=on dei=. ei)/dh de\ au)th=s fqo/nos, zh=los, zhlotupi/a, a)/xqos, e)no/xlhsis, a)/noia, o)du/nh, su/gxusis. ti/ ga/r me lupei= tou=q' o(/tan lo/gw| qanw\n e)/rgoisi swqw= ka)cene/gkwmai kle/os; dokw= me\n w(s ou)de\n r(h=ma su\n ke/rdei kako/n.
[1] This is a Stoic definition of pain, slightly modified (see Stobaeus, Eclogae 2.90, ed. Wachsmuth).
[2] These words belong to the Stoic Apollodorus (see Diogenes Laertius 7. 118). The excellent person is the sage who, according to the Stoics, is free of passions or emotional states (a)paqh/s; see Diogenes Laertius 7.117) in being completely rational and having his impulses in accord with right reason. So, insofar as pain is an irrational contraction of the soul, the sage person cannot feel pain.
[3] With the exception of foolishness and confusion, these are, according to the Stoics, kinds of pain (see Stobaeus, Eclogae 2.91, ed. Wachsmuth).
[4] Sophocles, Electra 59-61; cf. tau 557.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy; poetry; tragedy
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 8 November 2002@14:07:28.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, modified translation, added keyword) on 9 November 2002@12:10:37.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 6 March 2003@12:06:08.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 24 April 2013@05:35:20.


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