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Headword: *kabeirw=n
Adler number: kappa,6
Translated headword: Kabeira, Kabeiroi
Vetting Status: high
City [of Kabeira]. Also [sc. attested is] Kabeiroi, name of a people. [The word] also means demons.[1]
Greek Original:
*kabeirw=n po/lis. kai\ *ka/beiroi, o)/noma e)/qnous. shmai/nei de\ kai\ dai/monas.
The Kabeiroi or Cabiri were divinities at certain Greek mystery sanctuaries, esp. Thebes (Boiotia), Lemnos and Samothrace; the name is of Semitic origin (from kabir, "lord"). See generally OCD(4) s.v. Cabiri.
Though hard to disentangle, the present entry appears to recognize the use of the term Kabeiroi/Cabiri -- over and above its existence in the sense already mentioned -- in a more purely geographical sense. Besides (e.g.) the "Kabeireion" in Boiotia and on Lemnos, there was a Kabeira in Pontos (Barrington Atlas map 87 grid B4). That name is neuter plural, and the otherwise unattested *Kabeirw=n of the present entry might be its genitive plural. (NB: Adler's punctuation indicates that she understood the first two words of this entry not as headword plus gloss, as e.g. kappa 7, but a two-word phrase.)
[1] On this last point cf. Photius, Lexicon kappa3 and elsewhere.
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; religion
Translated by: Anne Mahoney on 25 June 2000@10:34:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword, bibliography, keyword; modified translation; augmented note) on 28 November 2000@06:28:42.
Ross Scaife ✝ (added links to the site near Thebes) on 28 November 2000@08:33:25.
William Hutton (Added note referring to Web addresses) on 28 November 2000@09:05:36.
David Whitehead (modified hw and tr; augmented notes; another keyword) on 17 January 2013@06:47:56.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@05:00:10.
David Whitehead (my typo; other cosmetics) on 29 April 2016@02:53:48.
Catharine Roth (coding, deleted a link) on 4 March 2019@02:05:01.
Catharine Roth (deleted another link) on 4 March 2019@02:11:24.


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