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Headword: *ka/spia o)/rh
Adler number: kappa,460
Translated headword: Caspian mountains
Vetting Status: high
and Caspian Gates.[1] [Note] that there is in that place a sea where Ocean flows in; and the narrowest part of it is called the Caspian Gates, but the rest [is called] the Hyrcanian Sea.[2] Barbarian peoples live around it.
Greek Original:
*ka/spia o)/rh: kai\ *ka/spiai pu/lai. o(/ti e)/stin e)kei= qa/lassa a)po\ th=s e)mbolh=s tou= *)wkeanou=: kai\ to\ me\n steno/taton au)th=s *ka/spiai pu/lai kalou=ntai, to\ de\ loipo\n *(urkani/a qa/lassa. perioikei=tai de\ barba/rois e)/qnesin.
cf. generally kappa 461.
[1] For 'Caspian Gates' cf. e.g. Diodorus Siculus 2.2.4; Strabo 2.1.28, etc.; Arrian, Anabasis 5.25.5, etc; Barrington Atlas map 92 grid H1 (in present-day Iran); Encyclopedia Iranica at web address 1.
[2] Apparently from an historiographical source; Adler's note cites FGrH 151, an anonymous Alexander-history. For the Caspian Sea see OCD(4) s.v.; Perseus Encyclopedia entry (with references to Herodotus) at web address 2. For 'Hyrcanian Sea' cf. generally upsilon 664.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: definition; geography; historiography
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 September 2006@00:07:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (supplied notes; added a keyword; cosmetics) on 13 September 2006@03:16:27.
Catharine Roth (changed a word) on 13 September 2006@11:48:29.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 13 September 2006@12:05:54.
David Whitehead on 29 January 2013@09:36:59.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 13 April 2013@23:32:47.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@05:52:46.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 11 August 2014@00:33:33.
Catharine Roth (another link) on 1 May 2019@01:22:52.


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