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Headword: *ka/phlos
Adler number: kappa,337
Translated headword: retailer, huckster
Vetting Status: high
Some suppose [it] to be one [word] in place of another, as in the [quotation] from Sophocles: "much mud is stirred up from jars."[1] Sophocles [is] prone to [use the word] phlo/s ["mud"]. However, wine is not mud. But where does the retailer get wine from? For a wine-seller is one thing and a retailer something else. For in general they used to call those selling something ka/phloi ["retailers"]. [The word] is also [used] by Sophron in the Seamstresses.[2] But Aeschylus calls all trickery kaphlei=a ["hucksterism"]: "[he] offering the skills of a huckster."[3]
Greek Original:
*ka/phlos: e(\n a)nq' e(no/s tines oi)/ontai ei)=nai: oi(=on e)k tou= para\ *sofoklei=. polu\s de\ phlo\s e)k pi/qwn turba/zetai. o( me\n ou)=n *sofoklh=s eu)epi/foros e)s to\n phlo/n. o( me/ntoi oi)=nos ou)k e)/sti phlo/s. po/qen de\ e)n tw=| kaph/lw| o( oi)=nos e)ggi/netai; kai\ ga\r e(/tero/n e)stin oi)nopw/lhs kai\ e(/teron ka/phlos. kaqo/lou ga\r tou\s pwlou=nta/s ti kaph/lous e)/legon. e)/sti de\ kai\ para\ *sw/froni e)n tai=s *)akestri/ais. o( de\ *ai)sxu/los ta\ do/lia pa/nta kaphlei=a kalei=: ka/phla profe/rwn texnh/mata.
See also kappa 336, tau 4.
[1] Sophocles fr.783. The commentator is saying that just as Sophocles can use the word "mud" instead of "wine," so "retailer" can be used instead of "wine-seller."
[2] Sophron [sigma 893, sigma 894], fr.1 K.-A.
[3] Aeschylus fr.322. Cf. kappa 333, with a different sense of the word.
Keywords: comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; food; trade and manufacture; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 29 September 2008@01:15:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 29 September 2008@03:19:18.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr, for clarity) on 29 September 2008@13:34:30.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 29 September 2008@14:07:21.
David Whitehead on 27 January 2013@05:27:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 February 2013@00:16:41.
David Whitehead (updated n.2) on 21 December 2014@10:31:52.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 7 April 2019@00:57:20.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 7 April 2019@00:59:14.


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