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Headword: *kappa/doc
Adler number: kappa,325
Translated headword: Kappadokian, Cappadocian
Vetting Status: high
Alone of the [nouns ending] in -ox [this is spelled] with omicron.[1] The nominative is also said *kappado/khs.
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] *kappado/kion te/ras ["Cappadocian monster"].[2]
Greek Original:
*kappa/doc: mo/non tw=n ei)s wc dia\ tou= o mikrou=. le/getai de\ kai\ *kappado/khs h( eu)qei=a. kai\ *kappado/kion te/ras.
On Cappadocia see generally OCD(4) s.v.: the name "at one time designated the whole region between Lake Tatta [a.k.a. Tuz Gölü, Salt Lake] and the Euphrates [cf. epsilon 3810], and from the Euxine Sea to Cilicia; but the northern part became 'Cappadocian Pontus' or simply 'Pontus', and the central and southern part Greater Cappadocia." In western Cappadocia, the shallow, hypersaline Lake Tatta is located in central Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey, Barrington Atlas map 63 grid C3). The Euxine Sea is the modern Black Sea, and Cilicia is a coastal region of southern Asia Minor (cf. kappa 1605).
[1] That is, the others have omega for the vowel in the final syllable. This statement is not completely true; exceptions include flo/c ('flame' or 'phlox'), pa/ndoc ('innkeeper'), and a)/loc ('furrow').
[2] Not identified by Adler, but identifiable via the TLG as a derogatory term applied by Gregory of Nazianzus to Georgios, the Arian bishop of Alexandria (Encomium of Saint Athanasios 21.16, PG 35.1097); cf. Theophanes Confessor, Chronographia 37.29-30, and ps.-Zonaras 1159.15. Another phrase from this passage appears at mu 36.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 11 March 2008@01:46:55.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (augmented notes, added keywords, raised status) on 11 March 2008@04:00:58.
David Whitehead (added primary note; more keywords) on 11 March 2008@04:32:44.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 6 May 2008@14:29:17.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2) on 27 January 2013@04:56:07.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 February 2013@00:11:32.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@05:08:28.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 11 August 2014@00:36:18.
David Whitehead (expanded primary note) on 16 March 2016@05:00:37.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 18 March 2018@01:40:42.
Ronald Allen (added diacritics, expanded primary note, typo) on 20 March 2018@00:30:41.


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