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Headword: *kallisqe/nhs
Adler number: kappa,240
Translated headword: Kallisthenes, Callisthenes
Vetting Status: high
Son of Diotimos, though some [say] of Kallisthenes; of Olynthos;[1]; pupil and nephew of Aristotle, who arranged for him to be in the entourage of Alexander [the Great] of Macedon.[2] Alexander put [him] in an iron cage and killed him at the same time as Nearchos the tragedian,[3] because he was one of those advising Alexander not to seek to be called master by [the] Athenians. But some say that he was killed, at the same time as Nearchos, for plotting against Alexander.[4] [He was] naturally impulsive, and [was said] to be motivated by great passion.
And a story is told that Kallisthenes ruined his life because of an eruption and pullulation of fleas. Witness this iambic line: "and flea-ridden, like the former Kallisthenes".[5] [He was] speaking of medical expertise, [about] how badly he was neglected.
Greek Original:
*kallisqe/nhs, *dhmoti/mou, oi( de\ *kallisqe/nous: *)olu/nqios, maqhth\s *)aristote/lous kai\ a)neyiadou=s: o(\n e)/dwken e(/pesqai *)aleca/ndrw| tw=| *makedo/ni. o( d' e)n galea/gra| sidhra=| balw\n a)nei=len a(/ma *nea/rxw| tw=| tragikw=|, dio/ti sunebou/leue mh\ e)pizhtei=n u(po\ *)aqhnai/wn kalei=sqai despo/ths. tine\s de\ au)to\n w(s e)pibouleu/onta *)aleca/ndrw| a)nh|rh=sqai/ fasin a(/ma *nea/rxw|. eu)fuh\s pro\s to\ au)tosxedia/zein kai\ r(u/mh| pollh=| fe/resqai. kai\ fe/retai lo/gos, w(s o( *kallisqe/nhs u(po\ fqeirw=n u(perblu/sews kai\ e)kbra/sews to\n bi/on katastre/fei. kai\ marturei= o( i)/ambos ou(=tos: kai\ fqeiriw=san, w(s o( pri\n *kallisqe/nhs. peri\ th=s i)atrikh=s te/xnhs le/gwn, w(s h)me/lhto pa/nu.
Died 327 BCE. See generally OCD(4) s.v Callisthenes; FGrH 124. For the present entry cf. Diogenes Laertius 5.4-5.
[1] In Chalkidike (N Greece).
[2] Already a historian of note (author of e.g. a ten-volume Greek History covering the years 386-356), he now became, in effect, the official Alexander-historian.
[3] The name, here (twice) Nearchos, is Neophron in nu 218.
[4] The modern scholarly consensus is that "he alienated Alexander by his opposition to proskynesis, was falsely implicated in the Pages Conspiracy, and summarily executed" (A.B. Bosworth in OCD).
[5] Comica adespota fr. 280 Kock, now 922 K.-A.
A.B. Bosworth, A Commentary on Arrian's History of Alexander, ii (Oxford 1995) 72-74
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; meter and music; philosophy; poetry; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 4 December 2001@05:52:01.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 22 August 2003@18:58:28.
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 24 August 2003@05:37:31.
David Whitehead on 25 January 2013@05:11:37.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2014@05:06:58.
David Whitehead on 29 December 2014@03:19:18.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 4 March 2016@00:26:26.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 27 March 2019@20:25:23.


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